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The Son of God presents to his Father the prayers of our first parents, now repenting, and intercedes for them: God accepts them, but declares that they must no longer abide in Paradise; sends Michael with a band of Cherubim to dispossess them; but first to reveal to Adam future things: Michael's coming down. Adam shows to Eve certain ominous signs; he discerns Michael's approach; goes out to meet him: the Angel denounces their departure. Eve's lamentation. Adam pleads, but submits: The Angel leads him up to a high hill; sets before him in vision what shall happen till the flood.

THUS they in lowliest plight, repentant, stood
Praying; for from the mercy seat above

Prevenient grace descending, had removed

The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh

Regenerate grow instead, that sighs now breathed
Unutterable, which the Spirit of prayer


Inspired, and wing'd for Heav'n with speedier flight
Than loudest oratory: yet their port

Not of mean suitors, nor important less

Seem'd their petition, than when th' ancient pair


In fables old, less ancient yet than these,
Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha, to restore

The race of mankind drown'd, before the shrine

Of Themis stood devout. To Heav'n their pray'rs
Flew up; nor miss'd the way, by envious winds
Blown vagabond or frustrate. In they pass'd
Dimensionless, through heav'nly doors; then clad
With incense, where the golden altar fumed,
By their great Intercessor, came in sight
Before the Father's throne: them the glad Son
Presenting, thus to intercede began:

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See, Father, what first fruits on earth are sprung
From thy implanted grace in Man! these sighs
And pray'rs, which in this golden censer, mix'd
With incense, I thy priest before thee bring:
Fruits of more pleasing savour from thy seed
Sown with contrition in his heart, than those
Which his own hand manuring, all the trees
Of Paradise could have produced, ere fallen
From innocence. Now therefore bend thine ear
To supplication; hear his sighs though mute.
Unskilful with what words to pray, let me
Interpret for him, me his Advocate
And propitiation. All his works on me,
Good or not good, ingraft; my merit those
Shall perfect, and for these my death shall pay.
Accept me,
and in me from these receive
The smell of peace tow'rd mankind. Let him live
Before thee reconciled, at least his days

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Number'd, tho' sad, till death, his doom (which I


To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse)

To better life shall yield him; where with me

All my redeem'd may dwell in joy and bliss;
Made one with me as I with thee am one.

To whom the Father, without cloud, serene:

All thy request for Man, accepted Son,
Obtain: all thy request was my decree.
But longer in that Paradise to dwell,
The law I gave to nature him forbids:
Those pure immortal elements that know
No gross, no unharmonious mixture foul,
Eject him, tainted now, and purge him off
As a distemper, gross to air as gross;
And mortal food, as may dispose him best
For dissolution wrought by sin, that first
Distemper'd all things, and of incorrupt
Corrupted. I at first with two fair gifts
Created him endow'd; with happiness




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Through Heav'n's wide bounds; from them I will not hide


My judgments, how with mankind I proceed,


As how with peccant Angels late they saw,


And in their state, tho' firm, stood more confirm'd..
He ended; and the Son gave signal high


To the bright minister that watch'd. He blew
His trumpet (heard in Oreb since, perhaps,
When God descended, and perhaps once more
To sound at general doom): th' angelic blast
Fill'd all the regions. From their blissful bow'rs
Of amarantine shade, fountain or spring,
By the waters of life, where'er they sat

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In fellowships of joy, the sons of light


Hasted, resorting to the summons high,

And took their seats; till from his throne supreme

Th' Almighty thus pronounced his Sov'reign will:
O Sons! like one of us Man is become,

To know both good and evil, since his taste
Of that defended fruit! but let him boast


His knowledge of good lost, and evil got:
Happier, had it sufficed him to have known
Good by itself, and evil not all.

He sorrows now, repents, and prays contrite,
My motions in him. Longer than they move,
His heart I know, how variable and vain
Self-left. Lest therefore his now bolder hand
Reach also of the tree of life, and eat,
And live for ever (dream at least to live




For ever) to remove him I decree,
And send him from the garden forth to till
The ground whence he was taken: fitter soil.
Michael, this my behest have thou in charge:
Take to thee from among the Cherubim
Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the Fiend,
Or in behalf of Man, or to invade


Vacant possession, some new trouble raise.

Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God,
Without remorse, drive out the sinful pair


(From hallow'd ground th' unholy), and denounce

To them and to their progeny, from thence

Perpetual banishment. Yet, lest they faint
At the sad sentence rigorously urged,
For I behold them soften'd, and with tears
Bewailing their excess, all terror hide.
If patiently thy bidding they obey,
Dismiss them not disconsolate. Reveal
To Adam what shall come in future days,


As I shall thee enlighten. Intermix


My cov❜nant in the Woman's seed renew'd;

So send them forth, tho' sorrowing, yet in peace:

And on the east side of the garden place,

Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs,
Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame
Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright,
And guard all passage to the tree of life,
Lest Paradise a receptacle prove


To spirits foul, and all my trees their prey,

With whose stol'n fruit Man once more to delude.
He ceased; and th' Archangelic Pow'r prepared
For swift descent, with him the cohort bright
Of watchful Cherubim. Four faces each
Had, like a double Janus: all their shape
Spangled with eyes, more numerous than those
Of Argus, and more wakeful than to drowse,
Charm'd with Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed

Milton's Poetical Works.




Of Hermes, or his opiate rod. Mean while
To re-salute the world with sacred light,
Leucothea waked, and with fresh dews imbalm'd
The Earth; when Adam and (first matron) Eve
Had ended now their orisons, and found
Strength added from above, new hope to spring
Out of despair, joy, but with fear yet link'd:
Which thus to Eve his welcome words renew'd:
Eve, easily may faith admit, that all

The good which we enjoy, from Heav'n descends;

But that from us aught should ascend to Heav'n
So prevalent as to concern the mind



Of God high-blest, or to incline his will,
Hard to belief may seem; yet this will prayer,
Or one short sigh of human breath, upborne
Ev'n to the seat of God! For since I sought
By prayer th' offended Deity to appease,
Kneel'd, and before him humbled all my heart,
Methought I saw him placable and mild,
Bending his ear! Persuasion in me grew
That I was heard with favour! Peace return'd
Home to my breast, and to my memory



His promise, that thy seed shall bruise our foe;


Which then not minded in dismay, yet now

Assures me that the bitterness of death

Is past, and we shall live! Whence hail to thee,

Eve (rightly call'd) mother of all mankind,
Mother of all things living; since by thee


Man is to live, and all things live for Man!

To whom thus Eve, with sad demeanour meek:

Ill worthy I such title should belong

To me transgressor, who, for thee ordain'd

A help, became thy snare! To me reproach
Rather belongs, distrust, and all dispraise!
But infinite in pardon was my Judge,


That I, who first brought death on all, am graced
The source of life; next favourable thou,

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