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For example, as we might fay to a Grammaticafter-If the fentence, or a part of the fentence, preceding has, be made the nominative cafe to it, as it grammatically may, then has will be just as proper as bave. And it were very eafy to give passages from our beft Writers, in which the verb in the fingular number is thus preferred; and reads more eafily. But as this Scholiaft, or Scholar, may demand an example in a learned language, we shall inftance it in a good moral fentence from Lilly, which he may profitably apply at home. Ingenuas didiciffe fideliter artes emollit mores. This imports, that a truly liberal education fweetens the manners as nec finit effe feros, may be extended to fignify, the humanizing of a favage Critic. The fecond stain, the omiffion of its, he may difcufs with the typographical Corrector of the Commentaries. We fuppofe Dr. Garnor would cure no more into any more, which are often used indifferently; and, at the worst may, perhaps, be refolved into a local diverfity of phrase or idiom. For will it not fignify the fame truth, whether we fay, We are not convinced of this Gentleman's deep knowlege of Anatomy any more, or no more, than we are of his exquifite attainments in Philology and Criticism?
Such frivolous objections, however, give us a right to expect uncommon correctnefs and precifion, in the writings of fo deficate and qualmish a Reader. Now to trace fuch a one through fome of his thirty-four pages, which certainly do not contain a twentieth part as much as the Commentaries, we find he frequently infifts upon arterious inftead of arterial; the first of which is certainly not formed according to analogy; no tolerable Writer having ever used arteriofus but arterialis. On the other hand, his venal blood, venal trunks, venal branches, venal abforption, and circulation, fhould have been venous, from venofus, a claffical Latin word, to distinguish it from venal, venalis; which it is wonderful fo very accurate a Master of language should omit, in order to avoid the leaft ambiguity. For, without any harsh metaphor, venal blood may fignify black puddings; venal trunks occur at every Trunkmaker's; venal branches at the Braziers and Glafs-fhops; venal absorption or inforption is the faculty of Mr. Powell the Fire-eater; and the venal circulation may refer to the practices at a corrupt Election: though had our Author used the proper adjective venous here, as a Phyfiologift, the courfe of the blood through the veins conftitutes but half the circulation of it. This circumftance, however, does not leffen the propriety of the expreffion in its political fenfe; the aurum portabile, or potabile, on fuch an occafion, iffuing only from the arterial Candidates to the truly venal Electors, without any refluent circulation; except where the latter fhould finally be fold, by way of re-imbursement.
As appears indifputable, p. 16, is very barely Grammar and profe idiom, as it ftands there; which appear indisputably is the meaning of it, and would have been proper, Dilating orifices, p. 18, for dilated. A grofs error in Grammar, or a very lícencious Enallage of the paffive for the active voice. Great Galen, great Albinus, eminent Boerhaave, are really not English profe idiom, without the prepofitive particle: for notwithstanding magnus Galenus, &c. would do either in Latin verfe or profe, our Author will learn, after he is much better grounded in Latin, and advanced a little in Greek, that the,phrafe, ftructure, and idiom of our language, have a much stricter affinity with the laft, than with the firft. Now the Greek would either be, a μεγάς Γαληνος, or Γαληνες ὁ μεγας, as we fay Alexander the Great, &c. Some of these errors and affectations we admit to be minute enough, or even infantine, which he prefers to infantile; but to fpecify them is treating this wife Gentleman (who ftruts on, as Horace fays, Nugis armatus) in his own way; and may ferve either to teach him more purity and correctness in any of his fubfequent Effays; or to attemperate the juvenile acrimony of his ftrictures on the writings of his Cotemporaries.
Notwithstanding fuch numerous escapes in fo little a performance, one third of which is quotation and tranflation, it is evident our Author piques himself not a little on his style, which, indeed, is fomewhat new, and, like the dialect of Hudibras, confiderably amphibious. It feems, upon the whole, to be a kind of contradiction to Monfieur Jourdain's Preceptor in literature, who affirmed, all that was not verfe, to be profe, and vice verfa fince the ftyle of this pamphlet is ftrictly neither one nor the other. Neverthelefs, feveral paffages of it were certainly intended to foar, to furprize, and all that, as Bays fays; fom which we fhall prefent our Readers with a little pofy, fubmitting the quality of it to their own decifion. "That ingenious Pupil of Nature conftantly perceived dogs pierced deep with the fharp point of deepeft agony."-" The
sice of Hoffman"-[Perhaps there is a celebrated German Singer of this name]" Let the hand of Impartiality hold the balance." The injections of thefe Sons of Anatomy, who fine, with radiant blaze, unite, in demonftrating," &c.[Query, Whether thefe blazing fons were not intended for fo many fans, which would certainly be higher, and more brilliant, than blazing Anatomifts ?]-" Let us liften," and how? "with an attentive ear."--Witat an elegant redundance!— But thefe may fuffice for a fcent and fpecimen of the many flowers in this collection; efpecially as exceffive fweets do not agree with all conftitutions. Their felect affemblage here may alfo difpofe him, perhaps, to a farther rumination of them in
his next prancing excurfion, upon his party-coloured mule, about the borders of fcience and erudition. He will obferve, we have not been forgetful of his concluding diftich from Pope, of not being niggards of advice; fincerely counfelling him to a much closer intimacy with himself, before his next publication.
Having thus abundantly evinced this Obfervator's general want of pertinence, and the infignificance of his ftrictures on the work which has been the profeffed fubject of them; we declare, that we do not only forgive him all the trivial quibbles and quirks which he had levelled at us, but that we shall rejoice to hear, he has fattened on the fale of them. Yet, as friends to our own plan, we are under a neceffity of retracting an hint we had rafhly given, of encouraging a moderate familiarity between him and our Index-maker. For, having coolly reflected on this his fecond performance, in which we cannot discover the leaft improvement fince his firft; and farther obferving, that in his objections to the conduct of our work, he has not diftinguished our own language and animadverfions, from the citations we gave out of the books reviewed: that in his defence of fome unidiomatical profe, which we had cenfured as fuch, he refers us to authorities in verfe, or in profe profeffedly poetical, which looks very like not knowing profe from verfe; that he really does not diftinguish our palpable ironies from our most serious reflections; and, finally, that there are many such uncouth arrangements and ellipfes in his diction, as would fometimes difhonour even an Index; we muft infift on his difclaiming any fuch expectation:-notwithstanding his vigilance in having gloriously detected an error or two of the Prefs, or, perhaps, of a MS or two, in his memorable expedition in Auguft laft. Nevertheless, as he concludes, by confeffing his difpofition to commence a controverfy with Dr. Hunter, or, we believe, with any body, who, by entering the lifts with him, would affift him in a farther publication of himself, (which appears quite unneceflary to us) he will find we have been charitably inclined, by this long attention to his prefent trifle, to take that notice of it, which we verily think no Writer would have done, whose engagement to the public did not oblige him to fuch a condefcenfion.
* See Review for November, 1762, page 387.
Education; in Four Books. By James Elphinfton. 8vo. 35. fewed. Vaillant.
are greatly deficient in point of taste and ingenuity; and more particularly in that knowlege of human life and manners, which is neceffary to give a liberal turn to Education. It appears to be the intention of our Author, therefore, to diftinguith him-felf from the herd of Pedagogues, and at once to fhew the world the delicacy of his tafte, the fublimity of his genius, and his profound knowlege of mankind.
Happy is it for all Parents in South-Britain, that they may now know where to fend their children, without running any danger of being imposed on, by the pretenfions of ignorance or impudence, by the pompous advertisements of the affuming, or the partial recommendations of the illiterate. Lucky is it alfo, for the fondled Youths of this metropolis, that they need not be fent above a mile or two out of town, to play at hide-and-seek with the nine Muses, and have a game at hop-scotch even with Apollo himself. But to let the work fpeak for its Author,
From the modeft fimplicity of the title, our Readers might poffibly conceive it to be a mere didactic performance, and that even of the loweft, the profaic, kind: we are to acquaint them, however, that it is a narrative and defcriptive, and even in fome fense a dramatic, as well as a didactic piece; that, instead of being written in groveling profe, it is heightned by the force of numbers, and embellished with the moft fingular graces of poetry. In justice, therefore, to our Bard, as well as out of regard to the importance of the fubject, we fhall just give a sketch. of his defign, with fome few fpecimens of the masterly manner in which it is executed,
The Poet begins his first book with relating how EDUCATION (who, by a beautiful figure in rhetoric, is here elegantly perfonified) went about in search of a fite, or proper place in the neighbourhood of London, for fettling herfelf, and her darling fon, in fome good house, at the head of a Boarding School; the rebuffs the met with in this peregrination, being very fatirically and feelingly related. The firft perfon fhe addreffed on this occafion, we are told, was a Lord; by the fequel, however, it appears it could only have been a Lord Mayor; this fagacious perfonage telling her, among other things, that
To dance, and fence, and draw compleat the plan,
He objects, however, to the expediency of Literature, and fhrewdly asks her,
Who would in mufty mines of learning dig,
To all which, with more to the fame purpose, he adds,
Thus have you feen how well we do without you:
A fecond perfonage, who, by his bluntnefs, feems to have been a Citizen too, fends her packing also, with a flea in her ear, full as abruptly.
Soon to another as she told her name,
Her occupation, and for what he came ;
I fpeak it without pride-nay, do not ftare;
Our Wanderer next meets with a certain Squire, who offers her an old manfion, on a repairing leafe; this, however, not anfwering her purpose, the strolls about till fhe fixes on a most sharming place, indeed!
Where beauteous Flora with Pomona vi'd,
'To fow, and plant, and prune, and educate their pride.
Here, therefore, by the advice of Vertumnus, whom she hap¬ pened to meet in one of the adjoining fields, the determined to fix her temporary abode; with a view only, as it appears, to initiate her favourite in the myfteries of her art, For, the obferves to him,
if trees to rear,
Some fuperficial Critics have objected against the propriety of a man's fetting up an academy of his own, in order to acquire the knowlege of teaching; pretending that he fhould have put