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Is this a dinner? this a genial room?
No 'tis a temple, and a hecatomb.
A solemn sacrifice perform'd in state:
You drink by measure, and two minuits eat:
So quick requires each flying course, you'd swear
Sancho's dead doctor and his wand were there. 160
Between each act the trembling salvers ring,
From sour to sweet wine, and God bless the king.
In plenty starving, tantalized in state,
And complaisantly help'd to all I hate,
Treated, caress'd, and tired, I take my leave,
Sick of his civil pride from morn to eve!
I curse such lavish cost and little skill,
And swear no day was ever pass'd so ill.

Yet hence the poor are clothed, the hungry fed ;
Health to himself, and to his infants bread, 170
The labourer hears; what his hard heart denies,
His charitable vanity supplies.


shall see the golden ear
Imbrown the slope, and nod on the parterre,
Deep harvests bury all his pride has plannd,
And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.

Who then shall grace, or who improve the soil?
Who plants like Bathurst, or who builds like Boyle.
'Tis use alone that sanctifies expense
And splendour borrows all her rays from sense. 180

His father's acres who enjoys in peace,
Or makes his neighbours glad, if he increase ;
Whose cheerful tenants bless their yearly toil,.
Yet to their lord owe more than to the soil;
Whose ample lawns are not ashamed to feed
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose rising forests, not for pride or show,

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But future buildings, future Davies, grow :
Let his plantations stretch from down to down,
First shade a country, and then raise a town. 190

You, too, proceed ! make falling arts your care,
Erect new wonders, and the old repair;
Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,
And be whate'er Vetruvius was before :
Till kings call forth the idea of your mind
(Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd)
Bid harbours open, public ways extend,
Bid teinples worthier of the God ascend;
Did the broad arch the dangerous flood contain,
The nole projected break the roaring main : 200
Back to his bounds their subject sea command,
And roll obedient rivers through the land:
These honours peace to unhappy Britain brings:
These are imperial works, and worthy kings.




This was originally written in the year 1715, when Mr. Addison intended to publish his book of medals; it was some time before he was secretary of state; but not published till Mr. Tickell's edition of his works; at which time his verses on Mr. Cragas, which conclude the poem, were added, viz. in 1720.

As the third Epistie treated of the extremes of avarice and profusion; and the fourth took up one particular branch of the latter, namely, the vanity of expense in people of wealth and quality, and was therefore a corollary to the third; so this treats of one circumstance of that vanity, as it appears in the common collectors of old coin; and is, therefore, a corollary to the fourth.


SEE the wild waste of all-devouring years! How Rome her own sad sepulchre appears

! With nodding arches, broken temples spread ! The

very tombs now vanish'd like their dead! Imperial wonders raised on nations spoild, Where mix'd with slaves the groaning martyr toild: Huge theatres, that now unpeopled woods, Now drain'd a distant country of her floods : Panes, which admiring gods with pride survey ; Statues of men, scarce less alive than they! Some felt the silent stroke of mouldering age, Some hostile fury, some religious rage : Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal conspire, And papal piety, and Gothic tire; Perhaps by its own ruins saved from flame, Some buried marble half preserves a name ; That name the learn'd with fierce disputes pursue, And give to Titus old Vespasian's due.

Ambition sigh'd: she found in vain to trust
The faithless column and the crumbling bust; 20
Huge moles, whose shadow stretch'd from shore to

Their ruins perish'd, and their place no more!
Convinced, she now contracts her vast design,
And all her triumphs shrink into a coin;
A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps,
Beneath her palm here sad Judea weeps.
Now scantier limits the proud arch confine,
And scarce are seen the prostrate Nile or Rhine;
A small Euphrates through the piece is roll?d,
And little eagles wave their wings in gold.

30 The medal, faithful to its charge of fame, Through climes and ages bears each form and name :

799460 A

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In one short view subjected to our eye,
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties lie.
With sharpend sight pale antiquaries pore,
The inscription value, but the rust adore.
This the blue varnish, that the green endears,
The sacred rust of twice ten hundred years !
To gain Pescennius one employs his schemes,
One grasps a Cecrops in ecstatic dreams,

Poor Vadius, long with learn’d spleen devour'd,
Can taste no pleasure since his shield was scour'd ;
And Curio, restless by the fair one's side,
Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride.

Theirs is the vanity, the learning thine :
Touch'd by thy hand, again Rome's glories shine;
Her Gods and godlike heroes rise to view,
And all her faded garlands bloom anew.
Nor blush these studies thy regard engage;
These pleased the fathers of poetic rage :

The verse and sculpture bore an equal part,
And art reflected images to art.

Oh, when shail Britain, conscious of her claim,
Stand emulous of Greek and Roman fame?
In living medals see her wars enrollid,
And vanquish'd realms supply recording gold ?
Here, rising bold, the patriot's honest face;
There, warriors frowning in historic brass :
Then future ages with delight shall see
How Plato's Bacon's Newton's looks agree :

Or in fair series laureli'd bards be shown,
A Virgil there, and here an Addison.
Then shall thy craggs (and let me call him mine)
On the cast ore, another Pollio, shine:
With aspect open shall erect bis head,


And round the orb in lasting notes be read,
• Statesman, yet friend to truth! of soul sincere,
In action faithful, and in honour clear:
Who broke no promise, served no private end,
Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend;
Ennobled by himself, by all approved,
And praised, unenvied, by the muse he loved.'


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THIS paper

is a sort of bill of complaint, begun many years since and drawn up by snatches, as the several occasions offered. I had no thoughts of publishing it, till it pleased some persons of rank and fortune (the authors of Verses to the imitator of Horace, and of an Epistle to a doctor of Divinity from a Nobleman at Hampton Court] to attack, in a very extraordinary manner, not only my writings (of which, being public, the public is judge) but my person, morals, and family ; whereof, to those who know me not, a truer information may be requisite. Being divided between the necessity to say something of myself, and my own laziness to undertake so awkward a task, I thought it the shortest way to put the last hand to this Epistle. If it have any thing pleasing, it will be that by which I am most desirous to please, the truth and the sentiment: and if any thing offen. sive, it will be only to those I am least sorry to offend, the vi.

cious or the ungenerous. Many willöknow their own pictures in it, there being not a eir

cumstance but what is true ; but I have, for the most part, spared their names : and they may escape being laughed at, if they please.

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