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Now pox on those who fhew a Court in wax!
licenfing plays, which about this time occafioned great debates in the House of Lords, and a very fpirited and remarkable speech of Lord Chesterfield in behalf of play writers: "Wit," faid he,
my Lords, is the property of those who have it; and very often the only property they have. Thank Heaven, my Lords, we are otherwise provided for." The firft play that was prohibited by this act, was Guftavus Vafa, by Brooke; the next was the Ed. ward and Eleonora of Thomfon. WARTON.
VER. 220. our flage give rules,] Alluding to the Authority of the Lord Chamberlain.
Shall find their wardrobes inventory. Now
Great ftains and holes in them, but venial
VER. 227. Like frigates fraught] Here is a very close refemblance to the picture of Dalilah, in Samfon Agonies:
Of Javan or Gadire,
With all her bravery on, and tackle trim,
Painted for fight, and effenc'd for the smell, Like frigates fraught with spice and cochine❜l, Sail in the Ladies: how each pyrate eyes So weak a veffel, and fo rich a prize! Top-gallant he, and fhe in all her trim, He boarding her, the ftriking fail to him: "Dear Countefs! you have charms all hearts to hit!" And "Sweet Sir Fopling! you have so much wit!” Such wits and beauties are not prais'd for nought, For both the beauty and the wit are bought. 'Twould burst ev'n Heraclitus with the spleen, To fee thofe anticks, Fopling and Courtin: The Prefence feems, with things fo richly odd, The mofque of Mahound, or fome queer Pa-god. See them survey their limbs by Durer's rules, Of all beau-kind the best proportion'd fools! Adjust their clothes, and to confeffion draw Those venial fins, an atom, or a straw;
VER. 240. by Durer's rules,] The best Painter Germany ever produced; he was patronized and beloved by Maximilian I. and by Charles V. and, what was of more confequence to an artist, by Raphael himself, who fent him feveral defigns, and his own portrait. He formed himfelf on no other painter, had a manner of his own, which indeed was hard; he wanted grace, and had not ftudied the antique, and copied only common nature and the forms before him. He attended not to Coftume. His Madonna's were dreft like German ladies, and his Jews had beards and mustacchios. See a most judicious Criticism on the Works and Talents of Albert Durer, by a living painter of great genius and learning, Mr. Fufeli, in the third volume of that entertaining publication, intitled, Anecdotes of fome diftinguished Perfons, p. 234. WARTON.
As a young Preacher at his first time
So much as at Rome would ferve to have thrown
And whispers by Jefu fo oft, that a
Call a rough carelesness, good fashion
He meant to cry; and though his face be as ill
VER. 256. or Gonfon] Sir John Gonfon, the famous police magiftrate, was as celebrated in his day, in the annals of Justice, as one of his fucceffors in office, Sir John Fielding, has been fince. His portrait is introduced in Hogarth's Harlot's Progrefs.
VER. 262. The Captain's honeft,] Much refembling Noll Bluff, in Congreve's Old Batchelor, who was copied from Thrafo, and alfo from Ben Jonfon.
But oh! what terrors must distract the foul
They march, to prate their hour before the Fair.
Let but the Ladies fmile, and they are blest :
Nature made ev'ry Fop to plague his brother, Juft as one Beauty mortifies another. But here's the Captain that will plague them both, Whofe air cries Arm! whofe very look's an oath : The Captain's honest, Sirs, and that's enough, Tho' his foul's bullet, and his body buff. He fpits fore-right; his haughty chest before, Like batt'ring rams, beats open ev'ry door: And with a face as red, and as awry, As Herod's hang-dogs in old Tapestry, Scarecrow to boys, the breeding woman's curfe, Has yet a ftrange ambition to look worse; Confounds the civil, keeps the rude in awe, Jefts like a licens'd fool, commands like law.