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So well in paint and stone they judg❜d of merit ;
But Kings in Wit may want difcerning Spirit.
The Hero William, and the Martyr Charles,
One knighted Blackmore, and one penfion'd Quarles;
Which made old Ben and furly Dennis fwear,
"No Lord's anointed, but a Ruffian Bear."
Not with fuch majesty, fuch bold relief,
The Forms auguft, of King, or conqu❜ring Chief,
E'er fwell'd on marble; as in verse have shin'd
(In polish'd verfe) the Manners and the Mind.





year 1671, tells the following ftory: "I and John Echard, the Author of the Contempt of the Clergy, dined with Archbishop Sheldon. After dinner, when the Archbishop had withdrawn and selected his company, I was called into the withdrawing room, and Echard was left behind to go drink and smoke with the Chaplains:" So well adjusted was this respect of persons; Echard, the wittiest man of the age, was very fitly left to divert the Chaplains ; and Anthony Wood, without all per-adventure the dullest, was called in to enjoy the conversation of his Grace. WARBURTON.

VER. 385. But Kings in Wit] They may, nevertheless, be very good Kings. It is not for his verses, any more than for his victories, that the late King of Pruffia will be celebrated by posterity: but for foftening the rigours of a defpotic government, by a code of milder laws than his crouching people had known before; and for building many villages and farm-houses, to encourage agricul ture, and repair the wastes and He muft therefore be pardoned for an abfurd judgment, which he has paffed on Homer, whom he could not read in the Original, where he says; "Ses chants et l'action ont peu ou point de liafon les uns avec les autres, ce qui leur a mérité le nom de rapfodies." Preface to the Henriade. WARTON.


of war.

VER. 387. penfion'd Quarles;] Who has lately been more favourably spoken of by fome ingenious critics; particularly by the author of Thirty Letters. WARTON,


Aufpiciis totum confecta duella per orbem,

Clauftraque cuftodem pacis cohibentia Janum,
Et formidatam Parthis, te principe, Romam :

Si quantum cuperem, poffem quoque. fed neque par


Carmen majeftas recipit tua; nec meus audet Rem tentare pudor, quam vires ferre recufent. Sedulitas autem ftulte, quem diligit, urget; Præcipue cum fe numeris commendat et arte. Difcit enim citius, meminitque libentius illud

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Quod quis deridet, quam quod probat et veneratur. Nil moror" officium, quod me gravat: ac neque ficto In • pejus vultu proponi cereus ufquam,


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prave factis decorari verfibus opto:
Ne rubeam pingui donatus munere, et una
Cum fcriptore meo capfa porrectus aperta,
Deferar in vicum vendentem thus et odores,
Et piper, et quicquid chartis amicitur ineptis.


VER. 397. how dearly bought !] All this is in the fpirit of the moft contemptuous irony.

VER. 409. they fay I bite.] If any key had been wanting to the artful irony contained in this imitation, especially in the last lixteen lines, this one verfe would have been fufficient to fix the Poet's intention Neither Dr Warburton nor Dr. Hurd take the leaft notice of any irony being intended in this imitation. To what motive fhall we afcribe this cautious fiience? WARTON.

Oh! could I mount on the Mæonian wing,



Your Arms, your Actions, your Repose to fing! What' feas you travers'd, and what fields you fought! Your Country's Peace, how oft, how dearly bought! How barb'rous rage fubfided at your word,

And Nations wonder'd while they dropp'd the fword!
How, when you nodded, o'er the land and deep, 400
"Peace ftole her wing, and wrapt the world in fleep;
Till earth's extremes your mediation own,

Andi Afia's Tyrants tremble at your Throne-
But Verfe, alas! your Majefty difdains;


And I'm not us'd to Panegyric strains :
The Zeal of Fools offends at any time,
But most of all, the Zeal of Fools in rhyme.
Befides, a fate attends on all I write,



That when I aim at praife, they fay I bite.
A vile Encomium doubly ridicules:
There's nothing blackens like the ink of fools.
If true, a ° woful likeness; and if lies,
"Praise undeferv'd is scandal in disguise :"

may he blush, who gives it, or receives;
And when I flatter, let my dirty leaves




(Like Journals, Odes, and fuch forgotten things As Eufden, Philips, Settle, writ of Kings)

Cloath spice, line trunks, or flutt'ring in a row,
Befringe the rails of Bedlam and Soho.


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POPE, in his celebrated letter to Lord Hervey, has the hardi. hood to boaft himself " a man who never wrote a line in which "the religion or government of his country, the ROYAL FAMILY, or their miniftry, were disrespectfully mentioned." The cafe was very much altered, when he wrote this Imitation, the drift of which cannot be mistaken. I have before taken notice of the circumftances of the times when it was published, which the reader should keep in mind, as they are the best comment on some paffages of particular severity.

No one, however, can be insensible of the great powers of language, and confummate dexterity of satire, which this Epiftle evinces.




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