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and eight score archers. In the list of the sick at Harfleur, are 3 knights, 8 esquires, and 23 valets of the retinue of this earl. Three casks of wine were sent to him. Dugdale says that he returned sick to England; we have no Retinue Roll or Account of the service and fate of this contingent.

JOHN, EARL MARSHALL: a Mowbray, and afterwards DUKE OF NORFOLK.-He indented to serve with 4 knights, 45 menat-arms, and 150 archers. When this earl had made all his arrangements for the expedition he performed an act of piety, making a grant in favour of the Charter House in the Isle of Axholme, and the Abbey of Sulby. It is dated on the 1st of July, and the style by which he designates himself is “Johan, Conte Mareschall et de Nottingham, Mareschall D'engleterre, Seigneur de Moubray de Segrave et de Gower." The first five names in his Retinue Roll are Sir Thomas Rokesby, Sir Percival Lyndeley, Sir John Hotham, Sir John Germy, and Sir John Heveningham. In the list of the sick, are 17 esquires, and 47 valets of his retinue. Four of his suite died. The earl himself, with 12 of his men-at-arms, and 45 of his archers, had license to return to England on the 5th of October. The rest appear to have been at Agincourt. "Cornwall Herald" attended the Earl Marshal, and was among the sick.

RICHARD DE VERE, EARL OF OXFORD.-He indented to bring with him 30 men-at-arms and 100 archers. We collect from the Retinue Roll that each man-at-arms had a page attending him with two or more horses. Nine of his esquires and 32 valets are in the list of the sick, and a cask of wine is sent to them by the king. He made his will, according to Dugdale (Baronage i, 196), on the 6th of August. His Account was not closed till the reign of Henry the Sixth, the earl being then dead and his widow having re-married with Nicholas

Thorley, doubtless the person of that name who was in the suite of the Duke of Gloucester.

THOMAS, MONTACUTE, EARL OF SALISBURY.-He engaged to serve with 39 lances and 80 archers. No account or further mention is found of this earl, afterwards so distinguished in the wars in France. But there is what is peculiar to him—an indenture, made at London, on June 1, 3 Henry V, by which, in contemplation of this voyage, he engaged the services of William Bosan, to attend especially on his person for one entire year, who is to be allowed 40 marks for the term, and to have 2 archers at his command, each of whom is to receive 20 marks.

MICHAEL DE LA POLE, EARL OF SUFFOLK.—He was dead, and the Account was rendered by his widow, Catherine, Countess of Suffolk, who was executrix to his will. His engagement was to serve with 2 knights, 37 esquires, and 120 archers. The earl died at Harfleur, on the 17th of September. His 2 knights, Sir William Spain and Sir Thomas Charlys, were at Agincourt. Eight of the esquires returned to England with the king's license, dated the 4th of October, namely, Robert Belton, who had the body of the earl in charge; John Clifton, with a message from Michael de la Pole, son and successor of the deceased earl; and William de la Pole, Robert Swillington, Thomas Astley, Esmon Charlys, John Fastolf, and John Copdode, on account of sickness. Four of the archers also accompanied the earl's remains. Roger Robert, another of the archers, was taken prisoner at the town of Muster de Vilers, on the 8th of October; John Castell, another, was slain at Agincourt.

In the list of the sick are 7 esquires, 19 valets, and 4 pagets, belonging to this contingent. We collect, from the Retinue Roll, that some were left in garrison at Harfleur, and that some of them were either taken prisoners, or slain, or sent home sick.

But the greater part were at the battle, and returned to England with the king, on November 18. One of the archers took a prisoner, who was ransomed for 21s. 8d.

Another great disaster befell this family of de la Pole.

MICHAEL DE LA POLE, the son and heir apparent of the earl, and, after his death, on the 17th of September, EARL OF SUFFOLK, by right of inheritance, though not so styled in these Accounts, had indented to serve with 19 men-at-arms and 60 archers. He advanced with the king from Harfleur to Agincourt, and at Agincourt he was slain, on the 25th of October, eight and thirty days after his father's death. The account of his services was rendered by William, Earl of Suffolk, his brother and heir (that is, his heir male, for he left 3 daughters,) and Thomas Frampton, clerk.

Of his men-at-arms, Peter Garney had the king's licence to return to England on October 7, on a message from his chief; Richard Brampton and Piers Calf were slain at the siege of Harfleur; Nicholas Massey and John Claryngdon were left in garrison at Harfleur, on the 8th of October, and John Balberge was taken prisoner on the 21st. The remaining 13 were at the battle. Of the 60 archers, 5 were left at Harfleur, and 5 had the king's license to return home, dated October 7. The rest were at Agincourt. John Killebury took a Frenchman prisoner at the battle, whose ransom was £6.

There have now been brought before us the names of all the peers of the higher orders of the nobility who were present in this expedition, as far as they can be collected from the testimony of these records. But it may be added, that whatever may be the case respecting persons of inferior quality, those whom we have named seem to be all of the rank of duke or earl, who were on this occasion in attendance on the king. Of the remaining

persons of this high rank, it is certain respecting some of them that they were left in England, and a reasonable probability may be shewn respecting the rest, that they also remained at home. The whole number of peers of this rank in the third year of King Henry the Fifth was only eighteen, namely, four dukes and fourteen earls. Of the dukes, as we have seen, three were in the expedition; the fourth was John, Duke of Bedford, another of the king's brothers, who remained at home as regent. Then of the earls whose names do not appear: the Earl of Warwick was at that time captain of Calais, having been retained for that service by indenture, dated the 19th of June, in that year, according to Dugdale. The Earl of Stafford was a boy of fourteen. The Earl of Somerset (Henry, aged 9, in 11 Henry IV) was about the same age. Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon, is said to have been blind, and in his history as given by Dugdale, the long period from the 13th of Richard the Second to the 7th of Henry the Fifth is a mere blank. Then as to the two Northern Earls, the Earl of Westmoreland was warden of the West Marches, a post from which it would probably have been inexpedient to have withdrawn him; and the Earl of Northumberland was then barely reinstated in his dignity lost by the forfeiture of his grandfather. Considering, however, how very early the young nobility of those times were inured to warfare, it is possible that the two young earls may have been in personal attendance on the king, without entering into indenture or having account to render.

We proceed to the Barons.


WILLIAM, LORD BOTREAUX.-He indented to serve with 2 knights, 17 men-at-arms, and 40 archers, with whom he appeared at Southampton, on the 8th of July. On the 5th or October, the king, by word of mouth, commanded that this party should remain at Harfleur, as part of the garrison under the Earl of Dorset. But on the 16th of that month, Lord Botreaux and 5 persons of his suite returned to England, on account of sickness.

HUGH, LORD BOURCHIER: called in one of the documents 'Mons. Hugh Stafford, le sieur de Bourchier.'-He indented to serve with 19 men-at-arms and 40 archers. His account remained unsettled till the 5th or 6th year of King Henry the Sixth, when he was dead, and his widow had administered and taken to her second husband, Sir Lewis Robsart.

THOMAS, LORD CAMOYS: in the Indenture of Jewels called 'Mons. Thomas Camoys, banneret.'—His Account has not been discovered, only his Indentures and Retinue Roll, from which we collect that he served with 2 knights, 27 esquires, and 60 archers. Twelve of his suite are on the sick-roll at Harfleur; the rest marched on to Agincourt.

[JOHN], LORD CLIFFORD.-No Account, Indenture, or Retinue Roll, has been recovered; but in the roll of the sick are 4 esquires, and 13 valets of his suite, and he had a present of a cask of wine from the king's cellars. His name is on the Rotulus Franciæ of the year.

[WILLIAM], LORD CLINTON.-He indented to serve with 19 men-at-arms and 40 archers. We are without Account or Retinue Roll. The names of 15 persons of his suite, whose rank is not specified, are on the roll of the sick.

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