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Judicium fubtile videndis artibus illud

Ad libros et ad haec Mufarum dona vocares;
Boeotum in craffo jurares aere natum.

[At neque dedecorant tua de fe judicia, atque Munera, quae multa dantis cum laude tulerunt, Dilecti tibi Virgilius Variufque poetae ;]

Nec magis expreffi vultus per ahenea figna, Quam per vatis opus mores animique virorum

NOTES.

which the following inftance will put out of doubt. The famous HUGO GROTIUS had, fome how or other, furprized the world into an early admiration of his parts and virtues. But his Grace Archbishop Abbot was not to be deceived by dazzling appearances. In one of his Refcripts to Sir Ralph Winwood, at the Hague, he unmafks this forward Dutchman, who a little before had been fent over to England by the States. "You must "take heed how you truft DOCTOR GROTIUS too far, for "I perceive him to be so ADDICTED TO SOME PARTIA

"LITIES IN THOSE PARTS, THAT HE FEARETH NOT TO

"LASH SO IT MAY SERVE A TURN. At his first coming to "the King, by reafon of his good Latin tongue, he was fo te"dious and full of tittle-tattle, that the KING's judgment was "of him that he was fome PEDANT, full of words, and of No "GREAT JUDGMENT. And I myself difcovering that to be "his habit, as if he did imagine that every man was bound to "hear him fo long as he would talk, did privately give him "notice thereof, that he fhould plainly and directly deliver his "mind, or elfe he would make the King weary of him. This "did not take place but that afterwards he fell to it again, as

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was especially obferved one night at fupper at the Lord "Bishop of Ely's, whither being brought by Mr. Cafaubon

(as I think) my Lord intreated him to ftay to fupper, which "he did. There was prefent Dr. Steward and another Civi

lian, unto whom he flings out fome queftion of that pro"feffion, and was fo full of words, that Dr. Steward afterwards. told my Lord, i hat he did perceive by him, that, like a SMAT

The Hero William, and the Martyr Charles,
One knightedBlackmore, and one penfion'dQuarles;
Which made old Ben, and furly Dennis swear,
"No Lord's anointed, but a Ruflian Bear."

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Not with fuch & majefty, fuch bold relief, 390 The Forms auguft, of King, or conqu'ring Chief, E'er fwell'd on marble; as in verse have shin'd (In polish'd verfe) the Manners and the Mind.

NOTES.

"TERER, he had ftudied fome two or three questions, whereof "when he came in company he must be talking to vindicate his "fkill; but, if he were put from thofe, he would fhew himself "but a SIMPLE FELLOW. There was present alfo Dr. "Richardson, the King's profeffor of Divinity in Cambridge, "and another Doctor in that Faculty, with whom he falleth in "alfo about fome of those questions, which are now con"troverted amongst the Minifters in Holland. And being ་ matters wherein he was ftudied, he uttered all his skill "concerning them. MY LORD OF ELY SITTING STILL AT 66 THE SUPPER ALL THE WHILE, AND WONDERING what a man he had there, who never being in the place or company before could overwhelm them fo with talk for fo long a "time. I write this unto you fo largely that you may know "the difpofition of the man: and How KINDLY HE USED "MY LORD OF ELY FOR HIS GOOD ENTERTAINMENT." Winwood's Memorials, vol. iii. p. 459.

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SCRIBL.

Seriously, my Lord of Ely was to be pitied. But this was an extraordinary cafe; and, as expofed as their Lordfhips may be to thefe kind of infults, happy is it that the men are not always at hand that can offer them. A fecond Grotius, for aught I know, may be as far off as a fecond Century of my Lords of Ely. -But it was enough that this fimple fellow was an Arminian and Republican, to be defpifed by Abbot and his mafter. For in the opinion of these great judges of Merit, Religion and Society could not fubfift without Predeftination and Arbitrary power.

h

Clarorum apparent. nec fermones ego mallem
Repentes per humum, quam res componere geftas,
Terrarumque fitus et flumina dicere, et arces
Montibus impofitas, et barbara regna, tuifque
Auspiciis totum confecta duella per orbem,
Clauftraque cuftodem pacis cohibentia Janum,
Et i formidatam Parthis, te principe, Romam:
Si quantum cuperem, poffem quoque. fed
parvum

neque

* Carmen majeftas recipit tua; nec meus audet
Rem tentare pudor, quam vires ferre recufent.
Sedulitas autem' ftulte, quem diligit, urget;
Praecipue cum fe numeris commendat et arte.

NOTES.

VER. 405. And I'm not us'd to Panegyric ftrains ;] Archbishop Tillotson hath faid, "That fatire and invective were the "eafieft kind of wit, because almoft any degree of it will ferve "to abuse and find fault. For wit (fays he) is a keen in"ftrument, and every one can cut and gafh with it. But to "carve a beautiful image and polifh it, requires great art and "dexterity. To praise any thing well, is an argument of "much more wit than to abufe; a little wit, and a great deal "of ill-nature, will furnish a man for fatire, but the greatest "inftance of wit is to commend well." Thus far this candid Prelate. And I, in my turn, might as well fay, that Satire was the most difficult, and Panegyric the most eafy thing in nature; for that any barber-furgeon can curl and fhave, and give cofmetic-wafhes for the fkin; but it requires the abilities of an

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Oh! could I mount on the Mæonian wing,
Your Arms, your Actions, your Repose to fing!
Whats feas you travers'd, and what fields you fought!
Your Country's Peace, how oft, how dearly bought!
How & barb'rous rage fubfided at your word,
And Nations wonder'd while they drop'd the
fword!
399
How, when you nodded, o'er the land and deep,
"Peace stole her wing, and wrapt the world in fleep;
"Till earth's extremes your mediation own,

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Andi Afia's Tyrants tremble at your Throne---
But Verse, alas! your Majesty disdains;
And I'm not us'd to Panegyric ftrains:
The Zeal of Fools offends at any time,
But most of all, the Zeal of Fools in rhyme.

e

405

NOTES.

Anatomift to diffect and lay open the whole interior of the human frame. But the truth is, these fimilitudes prove nothing, but the good fancy, or the ill judgment of the ufer. The one is juft as eafy to do ill, and as difficult to do well as the other. In our Author's Effay on the Characters of Men, the Encomium on Lord Cobham, and the fatire on Lord Wharton, are the equal efforts of the fame great genius. There is one advantage indeed in Satire over Panegyric, which every body has taken notice of, that it is more readily received; but this does not fhew that it is more easily written."

Difcit enim citius, meminitque libentius illud

Quod quis deridet, quam quod probat et veneratur.

Nil moror "officium, quod me gravat: ac neque ficto

In° pejus vultu proponi cereus ufquam,

Nec

prave

factis decorari verfibus opto:

Ne P rubeam pingui donatus munere, et una

Cum fcriptore meo capfa porrectus aperta,

q

Deferar in vicum vendentem thus et odores,
Et piper, et quicquid chartis amicitur ineptis.

m

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