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Ilham o caley enhancil of Public this there are many varieties with


: (1.)

AQUIFOLIUM, common HOLLY "building. Properly aile.

leaves, which are propagated by the gardeners Upward the columns shoot, the roofs ascend, for sale, and some years ago were in great esteem, And arches widen, and long iles extend. Pope. but

at present are little regarded; the old taste of (2.) ILÈ. 11. f. Caisle, Fr.] An ear of corn. filling gardens with shorn evergreens being abos din sworth.

lished. In the difpofition of clumps, however, or (3.) Ile, a river of Somersetfhire, which runs rather plantations, of evergreen trees and fhrubs, into the Parret, one mile S. of Langport. a few, of the moft lively colours, have a good ef

ILEHARRE, a town of France, in the dep. of feet in winter, if properly disposed. The best of the Lower Pyrenees, near Mauleon.

thefe varieties are the painted-lady holly, British ILEIGNES, a town of Hispaniola.

holly, Bradley's best holly, phyllis or cream holly, ILEN, a river of Wales, in Pembrokeshire. milkmaid h ly, Prichet's best holly, gold-edged

ILERAY, an ihand of Scotland, on the W. hedgehog holly, Chyney's holly, glory-of-the-west coast of N. Uist, separated from it and from the holly, Broaderick's holly, Partridge's holly, Here. ilie of Kirkbost by fands, which are overflotved at fordshire white holly, Blind's cream holly. Longhigh water. It is 3 miles long, half a mile broad, staff's holly, Eales's holly, filver-edged hedgehog and yields good crops of barley, besides pafturé holly. All these are propagated by budding or graft. for cattle.

ing them upon stocks of the common greep holly. ILERDA, in ancient geography; the capital of There is also a variety of the common holly with the ILERGETES, situated on an eminence between smooth leaves; but it is often found intermixed the rivers Sicoris and Cinga. It was often betieg- with the prickly-leared on the same tree, and often ed and taken, being exposed to the incurfions on the same branch there are both sorts of leaves. from Goul; and under Gallienus it was destroy: The common holly grows naturally in woods and ed by the Germans. It is now called LERIDA, in forests in many parts of England, where it rises Catalonia, on the Segra.

from 20 to 30 feet, and sometimes more, but the ILERGETES, the people of ILERDA, errone. ordinary height is not above as feet: the stem by ouly called Iligertes by some encyclopædifts. age becomes large, and is covered with a greyifh

ILESTGAGUEN, á strong town of Morocco, smooth bark; and those trees which are not loped in the province of Hea, seate on a mountain. or browsed by cattle, are commonly furnished with

ILET, a river of Russia, which runs into the branches the greatest part of their length, forming Yolga, 40 miles NW. of Kazan.

a sort of cone; the branches are garnished with ILEUS. n. S. (Látin.}-An ileus, commonly oblong oval leaves, of a lucid green on their upcalled the twisting of the guts, is really either a per surface, but are pale on their under, having a circumvolution, or insertion of one part of the gut Ätrong midrib: the edges are indented and waved, within the other.' Arbatbnot.

with Tharp thorns terminating each of the points (9.) ILEX. n.): (Latin. 1-The ilex, or great so that some of the thorns are raised upward, kcarlet oak, thrives well in England, is a hardy and others are bent downward, and being very Sort of tree, and easily raised of acorns. The Spa- stiff, they are troublesome to handle. The leaves siards have a sort they call enzina; the wood of are placed alternate on every side of the branches; which, when old, is finely chambletted, as if it and from the base of their footftalks come out the were painted. Mortimer.

flowers in clusters, standing on very short foot(2.) ILEX, the Holm or HOLLY Tree: A genus ftalks, each of these sustain five, fix, or more of the tetragynia order, belonging to the tetrandria flowers. They are of a dirty white, and appear class of plants, and in the natural method ranking in May; but are succeeded by roundith berries, under the 43d order Dumoje. The calyx is qua- which turn to a beautiful red about Michaelmas, dridentated, the corolla rotaceous; there is no and continue on the treès, if they are not destroyKyle; the berry is monospermous. There are fe ed, till after Christmas. The common holly is a Feral species ; but the most remarkable is ibe very beautiful tree in winter; therefore deserves a VoL XIL PARTI.


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place in all plantations of evergreen trees and long to it. It is feated almost opposite Swansea, 1hrubs, where its mining leaves and red berries in Glamorganshire, and is 49 miles NNW. of Exemake a fine variety. A few of the best variegated ter, and 181 W. by S. of London. Lon. 4. 5. W. kinds properly intermixed, enliven the scene. It Lat. çí. 14, N. is propagated by seeds, which never come up the ILHAVO, a town of Portugal, in Beira. first year, but lie in the ground as the haws do ; (1.) ILHEOS, a fertile province of Brazil, in the therefore the berries should be buried in the ground middle division. one year, and then taken up and fown af Mi. (7,3-) ILHOS, the capital of the above province, chaelnas, upon a bed exposed only to the morn

feated on a river to named, 90 miles NE. of Porto ing sun; the following spring the plants will ap- Segaro. Lon. 41. 25. W. Lat. 15. 5.S. pear, which must be kept clean froin

weeds, and the daughter of Numitor, and mother of if the spring prove dry, it will be of great femenitus, the founder of Rome. See NUMITOR. vice to the plants if they are watered once a-week; (1.) * ILIAC. adj. (iliacus, Lat.] Relating to but they muit not have it oftener, nor in too great the lower bowels. The iliac passion is a kind of quantity, for too much moisture is very injurious convulfion in the belly. to these plants when young. In this seed bed the (2.) * Iliac Passion. A kind of nervous cho. plants may remain two years; and then be trans. lic, whose feat is the įlium, whereby that gut is planted in autumn, into beds about fix inches twisted, or one part enters the cavity of the part afunder, where they may ftand two years longer; immediately below or above; whence it is also during which time they must be constantly kept called the volvulus, from volvo, to roll. --Those clean from weeds; and if they have thriven well, who die of the iliac paffion have their bellies much they will be frong enough to transplant where fwelled, Flayer on the Humcurs. they are designed to remain; for when they are (3.) The Iliac PASSION is called airs wiferere transplanted at that age they will grow to a lar- mei, and cbardaplus, The name is derived by some ger lize than those which are removed when they from the Greek verb umov, to wind or twik See are much larger :. but if the ground is not ready ANATOMY, N 298, and MEDICINE, N° 193; 892 to receive them, they thould be transplanted into -895... a nursery in rows two feet diftant, and one foot (A) ILIA REGION. See ANATOMY, No 367 asunder; where they may remain two years longer.

ILIACORE, a town of Indoftan, in Malabar. If they are to be grafted with any of the yariega- ILIAD, (iiks, from Ilium.] an ancient epic ted, kinds, that should be perform after they poem, the first and finest of those composed by have grown one year in the nursey; but the Homer

. The poet's design was to how the plants, fa grafted hould continue two years after Greeks, who were divided into

several little rates, it: the nursety, that they may make good shoots how much it was their interest to preserve harmould not stand Jonger than two years in the must have to before they are remoyed; though, the plain ones mony among bes; for which end he fet's be.

them the

that befel their ancestors fery, because when they are older they do not

the wrath of Achilles, and his misunderstand transplant so wello The best season for removing ing with Agamemnon, and the advantages that hollies is in autunn, especially in dry land; but afterwards accrued to them from their union. The where. tbę, soil is cold and moist, they may be Iliad is divided into 24 books or rhapsodies. transplanted with great safety in spring, if the ILIENSES, an ancient people of Sardinia, men. plants are not tog.nld, or have not stood long un. tioned by Livy; lib. 40. c. 19.1, 41. c. 6, 12 Temnosed. Sheep in winter are fed with croppings ILIENSIUM Pagus, See (LIUM, No 3, of holly.Birds eat the berries. The bark föt: ILINSKOI, four towns of Rufia, in the gov. mented, and wahed from the woody fibres, make of Noyogorod, Oloník, Töbo and Tuer, the cominon bird-lime... The plant makes an im- (..ILION, or Ilios. See ILIUM, No 2. penetrable fences and bears cropping, though it. 12., 1410N, a town of Asia, in Thibet. does not in all respects, answer equally well with

ILISSIADES, a title of the Muses; from the bawthorn. The wood is used in fineering, and Lissus, a river running to the E. of Athens is sometimes stained black to imitate ebony. Ilan. which, with the Eridanus running on the W. fide dles for knives, and, cogs for mill wheels, are made falls below the city into the fea. It was facred to of it. It is also made into hones, for razors, Mil- the Muses, and their altar food on its bank, where lar says, he has seen the floor of a room laid with the lustration in the leffer mysteries was usually compartments of holly and mahogany, which had performed. a fine effect.


ILLTHYIA, A title of Juno and Diana! ILFELD a town of Saxony, in Hohnstein. ILIVE, an Englifh printer and letter founder, (1.) ILFORD, GREAT, two villages of Effex, who publithed fomnc fingular tracte, particularly

(2.) ILFORD, LITTLE, ) on the Roding, which pretended tranllation of the book of JASHER; ang is davigable bence to the Thames. They are ham an oration, proving that this world is Hen, and Jets to the town of Barking; and lie 7 miles NE that the souls of men are fallen angels. He died by E. of London.

at ILFRACOMBE, a sea-part of Devonshire, with ... (1.) ILIUM, anatoms See AxÁTOM, NO ,

u AxátoberNo a fpacious bafin, formed by a good pier projecting 290. into the Briftal Channel. The high rides biere al. (2.

) İlium, Ilion, or furos, in ancient gcógra

ILIUM low large vessels to enter the harbour, This port phy, a name of Troy, but most commonly used employs a number of brigs and floops, chiedy

, in by the poets, and distinguished by the epithet vi carrying ore from Cornwall, coal from Wales, tous; at a greater distance from the sea than that and corn to Bristol. A oumber of fiihing ikiffs be- afterwards called Ilium Forum. See N° :33



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(3.) ILIUM Novum is thought to be the ILIENSI- But are compellid to avarice alone : UM BAGUS of Strabo. New or modern Ilium was For then in virtue's shape they follow vice. Dryd. a village near the sea, with a temple of Minerva; Strong virtue, like Itrong nature, struggles till, where Alexander, after the battle of Granicus, offer. Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill. Dryd. ed gifts, and called it a city, which he ordered to be 2. Misfortune; misery, enlarged. Hisorders were executed by Lysimachus, Who can all fenfe of others ills escape, who encompa{ed it with a wall of 40 ftadia. It was Is but a brute at bestin human Mape. Tate's Juv. afterwards adorned by the Romans, who granted

Though plung 'd in ills and exercis'd in care, it immunities as to their mother city. From this Yet never let the noble mind despair"; city the Jlias of Homer takes its name, containing

When preft by dangers, and beset with foes, an account of the war carried on between the The gods their timely succour interpose; Greeks and Trojans on account of the rape of And when our virtue finks, o'erwhelm'with Helen : a variety of difafter being the consequence, Himno grief, gave rise to the proverb Ilias Malorum

By unforeseen expedients bring relief. A. ILK. adj. [eale, Saxon.) +oEke; alfom. It is

) boilips.

comAill retained in Scotland, and denotes each : as, position to express any bad quality or condition, ilk'ane of you, every one of you. It also fignifics, which may be easily understood by the following the same; as, Macintosh of that ilk, denotéb a gen. examples. tleman whose surname and the title of his estate

(5) * ILL. fubfiantive.-are the fame; as, Macintosh of Macintosh.

Dangerous conjectures in ill-breeding minds. Shepherds, ihould it not ylhend: P

Sbak. Hamlet. Your roundless fresh, 'to hear a doleful verse I have an ill-divining foul : Of Rofalind. Who knows not Rosalind, Methinks see thee, now thou art below, That Colin' made ? ilk can k you rehearse. Spenf. As one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Shak.

ILĶUCH, a ci devant royal town of Poland, in No look, no last adieu before he went ?" the palatinate of Cracow, remarkable for its filver In an ill-boding hour to Naughter sent. Dryden. and lead mines; feated in a barren and mountain

I know ous country, is miles NW. of Craców. Lon. 201 The voice ill-boding, and the solemn found. o: E. Lat:50. 26. N. 7! r * sing opiny

Philips. (r.) * ILL. adj: {contracted from Evil, and re. -The wiseft prince on earth may be deceived by taining all its fenfes.} 1. Bad in any respect; ihe craft of ill-designing men. Swift's Examiner. contrary to good, whether physical or morali evil. - Your ill-meaning politician lords, See Evil.

Under pretence of bridal friends and guests, There some ill planet reigns;

Appointed to await me thirty spies, I must be patient, 'till the Heavens look Who threat'ning cruel death, conftraind the With an aspect more favourable. Shak. Sign in bride Of his own body be was.ill, and gave

To wring from me and tell to them my secret. . The clergy ill example. dsbak. Hen. VIIT.

Milton. -Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat; Afpy diftinguish'd from his airy ftand, but ilt ways, ill marketsand ill neighbours. Bacon. To bribe whole vigilance; Ægisthus told-Some, of an ill and melandboly

nature, incline 4 A mighty, sum of ill-persuading gold. the company to be fad and id-difpoled: otbers, of 66.) * Ilkajadu. There founded an ill-accorda jovial nature, dispose them to be merry. Baton. ing cry of the enemies, and a lamentable noise was 2. Sick ; disordered ; not in health. 'I knom pot carried abroad. Wild. xviii. 10.that evil is ever used in this senfe.

My colleague,
You wish me health in very happy season ; Being so ill-affected with the gout,
For I am on the fudden something ill. Skak. Will

not be able to be there in person, Ben Yonf. -I have known two towns of the greatest conse

The examples quence loft, by the governors falling ill in the time Of every minute's instance, present now, of the leges.' Temple.

Ilave put us in these ill-beseeming arms. Sbak. (2.) * Ill. adv. 1. Not well; not rightly in • Lead back thy Saxons to their ancient Elbe: any respect.

I would restore the fruitful Kent, the gift Ill at ease, both she and all her train

Of Vortigern, or Hengift's ill-bought aid. Dryd. The scorching fún had borse, and beating rain. We simple toasters take delight o


To see our women's teeth look white; 2. Not easily; with pain ; with difficulty.

And ev'ry saucy ill-bred fellow
Thou dcfir'ft

Sneers at a mouth profoundly yellow. Prior. The punishment all on thyself! alas!

-Theungrateful treason of her ill-chofen husband Bear thiné own first ; ill able to sustain

overthrows her. Sidney.-Envy, how does it look? His full wrath, whose thou feelf as yet least part, How meagre and

ill-complexioned ? It preys upon And my difpleasure bear'lt foʻill. Milton. itself, and exhausts the spirits. Collier.SI Îll bears the fex a youthful lover's fate,

There grows,
When just approaching to the nuptial Atate. Dryd. : In my most ill-compos'd affection, such

(3.) * ILL. n. f. 1. Wickednes; depravity; A stanchless avarice, that, were I king, contrariety to holíness.Ill, to man's nature, as it I fhould cut off the pobles for their lands. Sbak. Ilands peryerted, hath á patutal motion strongest To what end this ill-concerted lie, ia continuance. Bacon?

Palpable and grois ? Dryden's Don Sebastian. Young men to imitate all ills are prone ; -Our generals at present are such as are likely to



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make the best use of their numbers, without Soon as the ill-omen'd rumour reach'd his ear, throwing them away on any ill-concerted projects. Who can describe the amazement in his face ! Addison on the War. The second daughter was a

Dryden. peevish, forward, ill-conditioned creature as ever -The eternal law of things mut not be altered, was. Arbuthnot's History of John Bull.

to comply with his ill-ordered choice. Locke. Na Persian arras hides his homely walls

When you expose the scene, With antic vefts, which, through their shady fold, Down the ill-organ'd engines fall, Betray the streaks of ill-diffembled gold. Dryd. Off fly the vizards.

Swift, You shall not find me, daughter,

For Phthia fix'd is my return; After the Nander of most step-mothers,

Better at home my ill-paid pains to mour, In-ey'd unto you.

Sbak. Cymbeline. Than from an equal here sustain the public scorn. I see thy fifter's tears,

Dryden. Thy father's anguish, and thy brother's death, There motly images her fancy ftrike, In the pursuit of our ill-fated loves. Addif. Cato. Figures ill-pair'd, and similies unlike.

Pope. Others ill-fated are condemn'd to toil

Sparta has not to boast of such a woman ; Their tedious life.

| Prior.

Nor Troy to thank her, for her ill-plac'd love. -Plain and rough nature, left to itself, is much

Dryden. better than an artificial ungratefulness, and fuch - I shall direct you, a tak for which I take myftudied ways of being ill-fashioned. Locke.-Much self not to be all qualified, because I have had op. better, when I find virtue in a fair lodging, than portunities to observe the follies of women. Swift. when I am bound to seek it in an ill-favoured crea. -Actions are pleasing or displeasing, either in ture, like a pearl in a dunghill. Sidney:-Near to an themselves, or confidered as a means to a greater old ill-favoured caftle they meant to perform their and more delirable end: the eating of a well-feaunknightly errand. Sidney.- If a man had but-an foned dish, suited to a man's palate, may move ill.favoured nose, the deep-thinkers would con- the mind, by the delight itself that accompanies trive to impute the cause to the prejudice of his the eating, without reference to any other end ; education. Swift:

to which the confideration of the pleasure there is I was at her house the hour she appointed. in health and strength may add a new guft, able --And you sped, fir?

to make us swallow an ill-relifhed potion Locke. - Very w1l-favouredly.'

Shak. Bluhesill-reftrain'd, betray They would not make bold, as every wbere : 'Her thoughts intentive on the bridal day. Pope.

they do, to destroy ill-formed and mis-shaped pro- .. vs Behold the fruit of ill-rewarded pain. Dryd. ductions. Locke.

The god inform'd The tabled dragon never guarded more This ill-fhap'd body with a daring soul. Dred. The golden fleece, than be' his ill-got store. Drod. –There was plenty enough, but the dishes were

Bid him employ his care for these my friends, dll-forted: whole pyramids of fweetmeats for boys And make good use of his ill-gotten power, and women ; but little of solid meat for men. DryBy Melt'ring men much better than himself. den.It does not belong to the priest's office to

Addison's Cato. impose this name in baptism: he may refuse to Ill-govern'd paffions in a prince's breaft, pronounce the same, if the parents give them lu. Hazard his private and the public reft. Waller: dicrous, filthy, or ill. founding names. Aşliffe.-That knowledge of theirs is very superficial and Ill-spirited Wor'fter, did we not send grace, ill-grounded, Dryden's Dufresnoy.

Pardon and terms of love to all of you? Sbak. Ill-grounded passions quickly wear away; From thy foolish heart, vain maid, remove What's built upon esteem can ne'er decay. Walsh. An useless sorrow, and an ill-starr'd love. Prior.

Hither, of ill-join'd sons and daughters born, Ah, why th' ill-fuiting paftime muft I try? First from the ancient world these giants came, To gloomy care my thoughts alone are free:

Milton. Ill the gay sports with troubled hearts agree. -Nor has he erred above once by ill-judged 'lu

Pope's Odystos. perfluity. Garth's Ovid.-Did you never taste de- -Holding of ill-tasted things in the mouth will licious drink out of an ill-looked vessel ? L'Efr. make a small falivation. Grew..

- The match had been so ill-made for Plexirtus, The maid, with downcast eyes, and mute that his ill-led life would have fumbled to destruce with grief, tion, had there not come fifty to his defence. Șid. For death unfinish'd and ill-tim'd relief, i These are the product

Stood sullen to her suit. Dryden's Ovid. Of those ill-mated marriages thou saw'ft, - How should opinions, thus settled, be given up, Where good with bad were match'd. Milton. if there be any fufpicion of interest or design, as

The works are weak, the garrison but thin,' there never fails to be, where men find themselves Dispirited with frequent overthrowe,

ill treated ? Locke.—That boldness and spirit which Already wavering on their ill-mann'd walls. Dryd. lads get amongst their play-fellows at school, baş ' He will not hear me out ?

ordinarily a mixture of rudeness and ill-turned Was ever criminal forbid to plead ?

confidence; fo that these misbecoming and disenCurb'd their ill-manner'd zeal. Dryden. genuous ways of Mifting in the world must be un

It is impossible for the most ill-minded, avari. learned. Locke, ţious, or curning clergymän, to do the least injuf. (7.) ILL, in geography, a river of France, which tice to the meanest cottager, in any bargain for rises in the dept. of the Upper Rhine, and falls tythes. Swifi."" **

into the Rhine, near Strasburgb.

(8) ILL

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