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the great system of intercepting sewers in London-a marvel of the age-designed for the protection of the Thames from pol
The principles of Civil and Religious Liberty-" The worship of a common Creator, the doctrines of a common Gospel, and the faith of a common Cross"-found in him a firm and sincere advocate. His views on the question of Reform were liberal and comprehensive. His opinions on the expediency of the abolition of the Corn Laws were sound and enlightened-his arguments powerful and convincing.
In his administration as Viceroy of Ireland, Lord Carlisle displayed the best qualities of a statesman, and maintained the truest principles of government.
The illustrious Bishop of Orleans, Monsieur Dupanloup, truly observes:
"The nations of the civilized world, and humanity itself, have just reason to be proud of the Irish race; for there is no people around whom their patriotism, their pure morals, their courageous faith, their bravery, their ardour for civilization, their unconquerable fidelity, their disinterestedness, their patient endurance, their poetry, their eloquence, have thrown a halo more captivating-more glorious."
One noble feature may be justly added to this generous and eloquent eulogium-the fervent gratitude of the Irish people. Few men could have been selected more calculated to win the affections and conciliate the good will of all classes of her gracious Majesty's Irish subjects than Lord Carlisle. Civil and religious liberty, held sacred and inviolable, was the spell that charmed, the powerful magnet that attracted their love and veneration.
In his reply to the loyal Address of the Corporation of Dublin (June 18th, 1859), on his re-appointment to the office of Viceroy, his Lordship truly indicates his sympathy with the feelings of the people, and his anxious desire for the prosperity of the country :-
"I shall very gratefully appreciate any opportunity that may be accorded to me for co-operating with you and all sound-hearted Irishmen in strengthening the institutions, in developing the resources, in extending the capabilities of this attractive and advancing country. I know that I may appeal to the experience of my generous and honoured predecessor, as well as to my own, for proof that it would be difficult to reside on these fair shores without the feelings of attachment and affection being excited and riveted.
"In days like these, when popular intelligence is so keenly alive, so largely diffused, and so immediately represented, there is comparatively little which those intrusted with the administration of affairs can hope to originate-they must expect to receive more from around than they can impart from above. I am fully conscious that, if I can hope to discharge my part, with any acceptance among this people, it must mainly be by throwing myself with the fullest and freshest sympathy, with whatever unequal efforts, into all that constitutes their great national life; by which I would not understand merely the progress of their national and material wealth, but their aspirations for excellence in literature, in art, in arms, in virtue, in pietyin all that has illustrated their chequered but not inglorious past-in all that, I trust, will adorn their prosperous and brilliant future."
The Address of congratulation and welcome from Trinity College, 20th June, immediately after that of the Corporation, was presented by a deputation, consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, the Provost and Vice-Provost (the Rev. Richard Mac Donnell, D.D., and the Rev. Humphrey Lloyd, D.D.), and several of the Doctors, Masters, Students, &c.
The Vice-Chancellor read the Address, from which the following is an extract :-
“MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENCY,-We, the Vice-Chancellor, Doctors, and Masters of the University of Dublin, desire to approach your Excellency with our respectful congratulations on your re-appointment to the high office of Her Majesty's Representative in Ireland. Already your zeal for our national interests, and your gracious and condescending demeanour have won for you an abiding place in the hearts of Irishmen. Those who differ most widely on questions of public policy, agree in regarding your Excellency not merely with the respect due to an accomplished statesman, but with warmer feelings of personal esteem, attracted by the mild and be
nignant virtues which adorn your character. We rejoice to be able to welcome your Excellency to a country rapidly advancing in national prosperity, as well as in intellectual and moral improvement. A new tone of hopefulness and a growing spirit of industry now happily pervade our land. We trust that, preserved from the evils of war by the wisdom of our rulers, and enjoying internal order and tranquillity under your equitable and mild administration, our fellow-countrymen will continue to advance in the path of peaceful progress, and daily become, under the blessing of Providence, a more united, prosperous, and happy people."
Lord Carlisle's reply:
“GENTLEMEN, —I return to the Vice-Chancellor, Doctors, and Masters of the University of Dublin, my respectful and cordial thanks for the Address which, on the occasion of my re-appointment to my high office in this country, I have just received from their learned and famous body. Among other attributes which I only wish I could more confidently appropriate, you render me strict justice in attributing to me a most lively sympathy and a most abiding interest in all that concerns both the welfare and the fame of Ireland. I rejoice, together with yourselves, to witness the obvious progress alike of her material industry, intellectual activity, and moral amelioration. The outward explosions of political and religious violence undoubtedly have become more rare and faint. From no quarter with happier effect than from your calm and venerable retreats could the advice and influence radiate over the whole surface of Ireland which would tend to staunch and efface all such unhappy dissensions.
"It would be signally unjust if the proceedings adopted of late years in your University to throw wider open its area of instruction, of emolument, of honour-to adapt its modes of tuition to the varying and advancing demands of an active and ardent era, and, at the same time, to foster with undiminished reverence the study of morals which have been sanctioned by the collective judgments and the universal experience of mankind as types of excellence, did not secure for your time-honoured Institution the credit alike due to wise conservatism and enlightened progress. May your ancient walls and the men who adorn them be long favoured and blessed as the instruments of transmitting the traditionary benefits which they have conferred on the people, of bestowing additional incentives to learning, new examples to art, fresh conquests to science, of enkindling in faith a higher love of virtue, and of strengthening the foundations and deepening the influences of religion."
From this period Lord Carlisle continued to administer, in a mild and magnanimous spirit, the affairs of Ireland, for many years.
His impartial administration was distinguished by justice, goodness, and wisdom-the fairest attributes of supreme power in a state-by the observance of those sound and salutary principles of policy, and by the noble qualities which dignified and adorned his high position, and justly entitled him to rank as a wise and accomplished statesman.
The dispensations of an all-wise and Supreme Providence at length decreed the close of his useful official career. His name and honoured memory will be long cherished by the people of Ireland with affection and gratitude. He was, in truth, the best and most beloved Viceroy that ever filled the Viceregal Throne— ever observing the great fundamental maxim of all good and constitutional Government
"Salus populi suprema est lex."
The condition of the slave, "groaning under a brutalizing bondage," excited Lord Carlisle's deepest sympathies. He denounced the vile system of slavery; and when at length that dark stain on civilization and the unhappy negro was erased from the Constitution, and the freedom of the slave proclaimed through the British dominions, he proudly exulted in the peaceful victory of Freedom, and poured forth his soul-thrilling and exquisite song of triumph :-
ON THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY.
"Proudly on Cressy's tented wold
"The ocean plain, where Nelson bled,
The gather'd spoil of every shore;
"An Eloquence in rushing streams
Has flowed o'er halls and courts along,
"Bright Science through each field of space Has urged her mist-dispelling car,
Coy Nature's hidden reign to trace,
To weigh each wind, and count each star:
Yet stay, thou proud philosophy,
First stoop to bid mankind be free.
"And freedom has been long our own,
With all her soft and generous train,
To gild the lustre of the Throne,
And guard the labour of the plain! Ye heirs of ancient Runnymede!
Your slaves-oh! could it be?-are freed!
"Ah! for the tale the slave could speak,
"Mid the drear haunts of force and strife,
Around a parch'd and thirsty land
While, spread beneath the tamarind tree,