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These satisfactory results owe their origin to the beneficial and stimulating effects of Government aid, and the co-operation and harmonious working of two useful and efficient Societies—


The Earl of Carlisle was ex-officio President of the Royal Dublin Society. His Lordship attended in state nearly all the Spring Cattle Shows of this Society, the Exhibitions in Dublin, and the Annual Cattle Shows of the Royal Agricultural Society in Athlone, Waterford, Dundalk, Cork, Belfast, Limerick, and Kilkenny. In his Addresses he dwelt upon the excellence and utility of these Exhibitions, the extension of accommodation, and the enlarged sphere of the Royal Dublin Society-the mutual co-operation of both Societies-the importance of a systematic culture of agricultural science and


The self-reliance and kindliness of the people, arising from the ordeal of suffering and calamity through which they had recently passed; the advance in the science of Agriculture; the improving character of the seasons; "the bright prospect of golden harvests, and overflowing granaries;" and generally discussed the whole subject of Agriculture, displaying a practical knowledge and experience of its various details.

At these annual meetings, harmony and good temper prevailed; all parties were animated with an emulous desire to promote the objects of these useful institutions.

Lord Carlisle devoted his best energies to advance the objects and increase the usefulness of these Societies. The noble Lord's first wish was the prosperity of Ireland.

At the Banquet of the Royal Agricultural Society of Ireland (July 25th, 1863), Lord Clonbrock, the Chairman, on proposing "The health of the Lord Lieutenant, and prosperity to Ireland," said—“ On all occasions we find His Excellency at his post, and, in that graceful and eloquent language which is peculiarly his own, encouraging our hopes, and bidding us 'God


speed.' To his name is added, most appropriately, 'Prosperity to Ireland,' which is the object of His Excellency's best wishes."

Lord Lifford, a political opponent of the late Lord Carlisle, said: "That as Viceroy of Ireland he was not the Minister of a party, but the Representative of Her Majesty, whose only object was to secure the welfare of her subjects."

The last Banquet of the Royal Agricultural Society of Ireland which Lord Carlisle attended was at Kilkenny, in 1863. When he had nearly concluded his Address, he suddenly turned, and, pointing towards the lofty Slievenamon, of historic associations, said:

"My Lords and Gentlemen, this is not the country to despond about. There are two sets of principles and influences at work for mastery over its future destinies. On that mountain top, which overlooks so great a portion of the country-on the majestic Slievenamon-one set of these principles and influences finds its seat in shrill and ill-omened shrieks for strife, for discord, and for the bloodshed of those who possess and those who till the soil; the other, or counter set of principles, breathes through such organs of peace as this and other kindred Societies, of which it is the harmonizing and healing purpose to spread the knowledge of useful improvements, to encourage the proprietors of land to reside on their estates, and to take an interest in the land they live on and the men they live with, and to unite all classes and all grades, landlords and tenants, farmers and labourers, in one blessed reciprocity of good will and good deeds."



The devotion of Lord Carlisle to the welfare of the peopleto the promotion of Education, Literature, Science, and Artthe ardent zeal which he exhibited in raising memorials in honour of those illustrious sons of genius whose works and virtues adorn the history of Ireland, deserve the lasting gratitude of the people.

These monuments record their genius and their immortal fame, and will never fail to excite the emulation of Irishmen to imitate their virtues, and aspire to fame in the bright path of honour and renown.

Lord Carlisle displayed the same ardour and zeal in conferring honour on the living sons of Ireland who had earned a hardwon reputation on the deadly but glorious battle-field, in defence of the Empire; or devoted themselves to the noble career of discovery in science, or to the welfare, happiness, and prosperity of their fellow-countrymen.

On the installation of

Lord Gough as Knight of St. Patrick,

Lord Carlisle gave a Banquet at Dublin Castle, and proposed "The Health, Honour, and Happiness of the distinguished General." He reviewed the history of his brilliant exploits, from the commencement of his services, under the Great Duke, to his memorable and eventful career in India, and eulogized the warmth of his heart, his resolution, and daring.

With what gratification did the kind and courteous Nobleman present to the bold Arctic explorer

(Sir Leopold M'Clintock)

the Address of the Royal Dublin Society!

In presenting the Address, Lord Carlisle referred to his chivalrous enterprise, and calmness in danger to his contributions to geographical science-to the "transparent current" of his narrative, and to the noble qualities of his mind-to the cheerfulness which animated the brave companions of his expedition in that

66 Long unbroken night of winter;"

and concluded by wishing that Sir Leopold M'Clintock might long enjoy the affectionate intercourse of friends, and the gratitude of admiring countrymen.



Noble, generous, and magnanimous, Lord Carlisle never felt more pleasure, nor appeared more happy, than when conferring honour and dignity on the worthy, whether, in the peaceful pursuits of literature and science, "the laurel wreath decked their

honoured brows," or, on the "tented field," deeds of valour and glory, crowned with victory bravely won, attested the valiant chivalry of our Irish heroes.

The Presentation, August, 1856, of Colours to the 18th Royal Irish-1st (old) Battalion-was a fine opportunity for compli menting that glorious Regiment, whose triumphant standards were proudly borne through so many scenes of danger in the long career of its glorious and brilliant services.

That Battalion had returned from the Crimea, with banners shivered and torn into shreds, bearing the honourable scars of battle, and covered with glory. Our gracious Queen, on their arrival, had signified her approbation of their gallantry and signal services. Her chivalrous representative, Lord Carlisle, presented the Battalion with new colours.

Having passed a general and high eulogium on the valour of the Irish troops in Her Majesty's service, the noble Lord recounted the history of the "18th Royal Irish"-their brilliant deeds in every quarter of the globe where their conquering standards waved, and the celebrated Irish Commanders under whom these standards were borne forward to victory; and closed that brilliant narrative with the capture of Sebastopol. The new colours were then delivered, bearing a Sphinx, to represent Egypt-a Dragon, to represent China. The noble Lord finally impressed upon the Regiment the importance of their duties as peaceful citizens, and uttered a fervent prayer that the colours then presented might be the rallying point of Victory in war- of Honour in peace.

Shortly after this event, the Crimean heroes were entertained by the citizens of Dublin at a grand and memorable Banquet.

Lord Carlisle replied to the toast of his Health. His speech was brief and homely, but characteristic and inspiring. He bade them welcome in the name of the Queen-in the name of the people of Ireland, who loved brave men. He gave them thanks on the part of their country, and the blessings of their country

men; claimed the right of Ireland to welcome her heroes; declared that Irish hospitality extended to all who, side by side with her sons, shed their blood in the field; and that the bright medal on their manly breast was a sure passport to her hospitality; congratulated them on their surviving the dangers of war, and enjoying the blessings of peace; applauded their devotion to the service of their country, and hoped that their glowing faces would never again frown on an enemy, but beam with good will to man, and gratitude to God. The noble Lord, on resuming his seat, bade "God bless them."



Orders having been issued for the formation of a second Battalion, the duty of Presenting Colours devolved upon Lord Carlisle. In performing that duty he stated the services of the older Battalion-their achievements under Marlborough, and our own veteran Lord Gough-their recent exploits in the suppression of the fierce Indian mutiny; hoped that the new Battalion would emulate the glory of the old, and that the Queen and their own Old Ireland would be proud of their actions; commended their fine appearance, conduct, and discipline; alluded to the present happy and auspicious peace among nations, and the quelling of the Indian Rebellion. Referring, however, to the possibility of a change-to the dangers of war to the risks and duties of the soldier-he exhorted them to be prepared, and presented the Colours, invoking the blessing of God upon them in peace and in war.

With regard to the recent American war, Lord Carlisle counselled neutrality; expressed his abhorrence of slavery, and his desire to plant the olive between the combatants in the unnatural conflict; vindicated the right of asylum, violated in the affair of the steamer "Trent”—the eternal principles of justice, and commended the spirit of the nation.

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