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LORD MORPETH'S ADDRESSES TO THE LEEDS MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.
I believe there is scarcely anything which might not be attained, if we could only one and all of us determine to rise up to what we might be. If it could only be felt thoroughly by every one of us, no matter how humble his place, or how contracted his sphere, that each one has his own appointed work and mission—not, assuredly, by indulging in any puffed-up opinion of his own capacity, and endeavouring to escape from his natural place or his allotted business, but by constant and conscientious perseverance, in which he might do much, very much, to smoothe all the troubled elements of the daily life around him, and to aid the general welfare and advancement of his species. I believe that there is nothing at once so ambitious, and yet so humble, as duty; and it is the true, the practical, the Christian philosophy, to endeavour rightly to apportion and attemper the ambition and the humility. It is because I believe that labour affords the main occasion and chief exercise-ground of duty, and because I see what labour has already done, and stretch my eyes forward to the yet greater things which it has to do in the world, that I said that, if I had lived in the olden times, I should have been ready to build temples and altars in its name. But when I give this merited praise to labour, I believe, at the same time, that, with a view to the interests of labour itself, with a view to its vigorous, and permanent, and cheerful exercise, we ought not to exact too excessive and engrossing a service; but that breaks and relaxations are desirable, and salutary, and even necessary to its own proper development and support. It is, therefore, that I love to read occasionally of the expeditions made by the monster trains which convey large numbers far away from the smoke and confinement of their own streets and shops, to see whatever may be worthy of note, upon the many points of that great network of railways by which we are in the process of being surrounded to the crowded quays of Liverpool, or the gothic aisles of York; and I should not repine-let me say it with the peace of Mr. Wordsworth— if a protracted line of railway should, on some sunny afternoon, carry a large bevy of the tradesmen of Leeds to the soft margin of Windermere or Ullswater. It is on the same ground that it has given me peculiar pleasure to have the privilege of witnessing and sharing the celebration of this evening, in the midst of such a community as I have already adverted to, and in the presence of such a company as that which I now see around me. It has, indeed, fallen to my lot often to be present at what are termed fashionable amusements in various quarters of the globe, and I have always found that they are pretty much the same thing wherever in the world it might be-whether
amongst the courtier circles of St. Petersburgh, or the Republican dandies of New York. I do not mean to assume any very severe moralizing tone with respect to the attempts of people to amuse or enliven themselves; but I must say that I have generally found these very polished amusements to be rather listless, unmeaning, and unsatisfying things, where people seemed to come because they had nothing better to do, and to find it a great relief when it was time to go away. But an assembly like this, confined to no class or walk in life, comprising very many of what are termed the middle and labouring classes of society, those who keep the business of daily life really going, brought and kept together by no other tie than the love of knowledge, the wish to attain it and to communicate it, to acquire for themselves, and to dispense to others, the reciprocal benefits of instruction and advancement-this, to say nothing ofits being more useful and more ennobling, seems to me a far fresher, livelier, heartier thing, than the high-flying entertainments I have adverted to-the morning battu or the midnight polka.
LORD MORPETH'S ADDRESS TO THE YORKSHIRE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE,
WAKEFIELD, MAY, 1844.
In your busy and engrossing occupations, toiling at your daily task, and for your daily bread, you may certainly be without those opportunities and aids to advancement in study or in discovery which belong to studious ease, or to learned leisure. But it is not from these quarters that the most brilliant contributions to human advancement have been always made; it was not from these classes that Watt, or Brindley, or Fulton, or Burns, or Chantrey came. In my travels on the great continent of North America, I chanced to fall in with a blacksmith in one of the interior states, who, while he most assiduously performed all the requirements of his calling, accomplished the mastery of, so as to be perfectly able to read, about fifty languages. I have just put down an extract which was made from the journal of this blacksmith linguist; it is a diary of his daily business for five days, taken by chance in the course of the year. The extract is from the commonplace book of Elihu Burritt, in 1838. "June 5th. Read fifty lines of Hebrew; thirty-seven of Celtic; six hours of forging. June 6th. Read thirty-seven lines of Hebrew, forty of Celtic; six hours of forging. June 7th. Read sixty lines of Hebrew, sixty lines of Celtic; fifty-four pages of French, twenty names of stars; five hours of forging. June 8th. Read fifty-one lines of Hebrew, fifty lines of Celtic, forty pages of French, fifteen names of stars; eight hours of forging. June 10th (Sunday). Read a hundred lines of Hebrew, eighty-five pages of French, four services at church, Bible-class at noon." For many days he was unwell, and sometimes worked twelve hours at the forge; so that it seems that he did not come within the "ten hours" bill. Now, lest you should be tempted to
think that the concerns of his handicraft interfered with or were prejudicial to his course of study, I shall subjoin a remark which was made with respect to him by Mr. Combe, the eminent phrenologist, who travelled in America, and who gave the greatest attention to the developments of the human head and to the conditions of human health. Mr. Combe says " One thing is obvious, that the necessity for forging saved this student's life; if he had not been forced by necessity to labour, he would in all probability have devoted himself so incessantly to his books that he would have ruined his health, and been carried to a premature grave."
Memorial to LORD CARLISLE.
A PRELIMINARY meeting was held at Malton, pursuant to requisition, on the 22nd June, 1865, for the purpose of erecting a suitable memorial.
Mr. JOHN HOPKINS, Borough Bailiff, in the Chair.
The following resolution, moved by Mr. E. V. HARCOURT; seconded by the Rev. W. CARTER; was unanimously adopted :
"That although a considerable time has elapsed since the death of the lamented Earl of Carlisle, this meeting considers that the feelings of respect for, and admiration of, his many noble and excellent qualities have not in the smallest degree abated; and that it is desirable to give expression to those feelings by some enduring monument to his lordship's goodness and kindness of heart, that future generations of his lordship's own family, and also those who may hereafter see the memorial, may be stimulated in their endeavours to imitate so praiseworthy an example, by pursuing a similar life of usefulness to their fellow-men."
It was also resolved that a district committee be formed to co-operate with the other district Committees to be formed for the same object; and, finally, proposed that a general meeting of the county should be held.
Arrangements being made, and a requisition signed by most of the noblemen, and by the most distinguished landed proprietors, a general meeting of the county of York was held in November, to concert measures, and adopt the best mode of proceeding, in order "to commemorate the public and private virtues of the deceased nobleman."
GREAT MEETING IN YORKSHIRE.
This influential and numerous assembly of the nobility and gentry of the county was held at York.
Earl FITZWILLIAM presided.
The noble Chairman, in introducing the object of the meeting, saidHe was glad to see the ridings of the county of York so well represented. They all admired Lord Carlisle's character, and he hoped as Yorkshiremen, and as Englishmen, they would raise a memorial worthy of him, and that that memorial would be placed in the most suitable situation that could be selected.
The first resolution
"That this meeting, composed of gentlemen holding various political views, unite in paying a tribute of their respect to the eminent virtues and noble qualities which marked the public and private character of the late Earl of Carlisle, the conscientious fidelity with which he served his Sovereign and his country, his active zeal in advancing religious education and every social improvement, his large benevolence and philanthropy, his true piety, and those personal qualities which endeared him to all classes of his countrymen; and the meeting desire to record their sense of the great loss which his friends and the country have sustained in his death"
was proposed by the Earl of ZETLAND; seconded by Earl CATHCART, and supported by Lord WENLOCK.
The Archbishop of YORK proposed the next resolution :
"That in order to perpetuate a life so nobly and usefully spent, it is desirable to erect some lasting memorial which shall testify the affectionate regard of his contemporaries, and extend the benefit of his example to posterity."
The Archbishop said-Lord Carlisle continually cultivated those rare and refined powers with which he was gifted, and raised himself even higher and higher in the knowledge of good works, and in the use of them.
In every case his voice was lifted up in behalf of some plan connected with the advancement of mankind, the education of the young, the reclamation of the criminal, and the general civilization of the human race. And it had been well said that it was that real sympathy which characterized the man, that was the leading feature in his character. . . . To hand down the example of Lord Carlisle to posterity was a good thing. They would find few like him. He was a man of such a high and pure temper, so incapable of resentment, so full of refinement of mind, and such intense necessitude for loving, that perhaps there would not be one man in a century that should come near him. And therefore it was a good thing that the noblemen and gentlemen of the country should meet to commemorate one that was indeed noble and gentle in the truest and highest sense of the words.
Lord HOUGHTON, in seconding the resolution, said-He had known Lord Carlisle during the whole of his (Lord Houghton's) political life. He knew him first at a time when they differed very much in opinion, but perhaps at a time when Lord Carlisle won his best and truest laurels as member for the West Riding. And he must recall to their recollection that at that time it was difficult to say which was most prominent in his character-his zeal for his friends, or his tolerance for his opponents. That was the legitimate consequence of the extreme amiability of character, which he thought it well for all of them to honour in the somewhat hard school of English statesmanship. It was no easy thing for a man to keep alive his sympathies, and to be at once an active and powerful Minister, and a sympathizing friend of his fellow-men.
These resolutions were unanimously adopted. Other resolutions of a formal nature for carrying out the objects of the meeting being passed,
A vote of thanks to Earl Fitzwilliam for presiding on the occasion was moved by F. MILBANK, Esq., M. P.; and seconded by Sir GEORGE STRICKLAND CHOLMELEY, who alluded to the late Earl as a philanthropist, and spoke of the most striking and eloquent passages in everything he said or wrote, one of which he quoted as being expressive of his Lordship's delight on seeing a slave from the deck of the ship in which he was sailing make a splendid leap on to the shore of Canada-the land of freedom and of British liberty.
"THE pathway to great achievements has frequently to be hewn out amidst risks and difficulties. Preliminary failure is ever the law and condition of ultimate success. In the very design and endeavour to establish the Atlantic Telegraph there is almost enough of glory."-LORD CARLISLE at the Déjeuner at Valentia, 4th August, 1857.
a material link beThis great enterprise his Lordship happily termed " tween the old world and the new," and invited the guests (amongst whom were a great many American citizens) to pledge themselves to eternal peace and lasting friendship.
5th August. On this memorable day Lord Carlisle assisted in hauling the cable ashore, fervently exclaiming at the eventful moment