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Concuffeque cadunt urbes, dubiæque minantur;
EPISTLE IV. P. 145.
Ver. 107. Why drew Marseilles' good bishop purer breath,
Archbishop Sheldon, and others, must share in this praise of the good bishop of Marseilles ; fee Pennant's London, p. 328. and the two minifters of Tidefwell in Derbyshire; see Dr. Aikin's Environs of Manchester, p. 485. And in the former couplet our poet might profit from fome anonymous verses in Dryden's Miscellanies, vi. p. 76.
When Nature fickens, and with fainting breath
as the third verfe is a palpable imitation of Virgil, Æn. x. 861.
O Rhœbus, we have liv'd too long for me,
Ver, 289. In hearts of kings, or arms of queens who lay,
Now Europe's laurels on their brows behold,
A tale, that blends their glory with their shame! I have extracted the whole of this fublime invective, that the particular afpect of our satirist on the circumstances of Marlborough's life may be more diftinctly seen amidft this general cenfure of military glories.
The fecond claufe of the firft verfe, and the fecond couplet, relate to his intrigue with the Duchefs of Cleveland, for which I refer the reader to the Biographia Britannica, vol. iii. p. 563, or Ledi ard's life, pp. 18 and 19.
The third and fourth couplets have a view to his fuppofed peculation as commander in chief, and his prolongation of the war on this account, to which we must refer alfo the discarded variation at his first Moral Effay, ver. 86.
Triumphant leaders, at an army's head,
Hemm'd round with glories, pilfer cloth or bread:
Now fave a people, and now fave a groat.
The fixth couplet is explained by that charge of avarice which is ufually brought against him, and which gave rife to that epigram upon the bridge in Blenheim-Park:
The spacious arch his vast ambition shows;
The application of the following lines to his Duchefs, the palace at Blenheim, and his fecond infancy, fo finely touched by Johnfon in his Vanity of Human Wishes, is too obvious to need more than a fimple admonition to direct the attention of the reader.
THE UNIVERSAL PRAYER. P. 197.
Ver. 17. What bleffings thy free bounty gives,
For God is paid when Man receives :
T' enjoy is to obey.
Athenaus, in his compilations, ii. 3. quotes a paffage from Alexis, which contains a pleafing fentiment of the fame complexion, as follows:
Let Fortune's fav'rites in broad funshine live,
Then, only then, the bounteous Donor
Ver. 49. To thee, whose temple is all space,
Lucan, ix. 578. has an admirable passage of this kind
EPISTLE 1. P. 207.
Ver. 256. Euclio was defigned for Sir Charles Duncombe of Helmfley; who is alluded to again in Imitations of Horace, ii. Sat. ii. fin.
And Helmsley, once proud Buckingham's delight,
and who divided his eftates in Yorkshire and Wilts among different branches of his family. B.
See note A. in the Biog. Brit. Art. Duncombe William.
EPISTLE II. P. 245.
Ver. 17. Come then, the colours and the ground prepare!
Chufe a firm cloud, before it fall, and in it
Catch, e'er fhe change, the Cynthia of this minute.
This paffage, of elegance fo exquifitely curious, is indebted for
the original conception to Cowley, David. ii. 807.
This he with ftarry vapours fpangles all,
Took in their prime, e'er they grow ripe and fall:
The choiceft piece took out, the scarf is made.
EPISTLE III. P. 271.
Ver. 127. The crown of Poland, venal twice an age,
A Mr. Gage, of Sir Thomas Gage's family, of Hengrave, I think, near Bury, Suffolk; and Lady Mary Herbert (daughter of the Marquis of Powis), whofe mother was a natural daughter
of James II.; whence the phrase hereditary realms. In Bowles's Travels into Spain, is fome account of this scheme of working the Afturian mines. B.
Ver. 291. When Hopkins dies, a thousand lights attend The wretch, who living fav'd a candle's end. Edmund Boulter, Efq. executor to Vulture Hopkins, made fo fplendid a funeral for him, that the expences amounted to 76661. B.
Ver. 333. Cutler and Brutus, dying, both exclaim,
"Virtue! and Wealth! what are ye but a name?” Dion Caffius, xlvii. 49. "Brutus made an effort to force his way "from the ftrong pofition, whither he had retreated, into the camp; but, finding this impracticable and learning that fome "of his foldiers had fubmitted to the conquerors, he abandoned "himself to despair: but, difdaining captivity, he refolved on "death; and defired fome of his attendants to dispatch him, "after he had repeated with a loud voice that exclamation of "Hercules, in the Tragedy:
"Ah! hapless Virtue! deem'd a truth by me;
"But Fortune's flave thou wert, and a mere empty name."
EPISTLE IV. P. 321.
Ver. 117. Grove nods at grove, each alley has a brother,
An author of congenial tafte; and, on a fimilar fubject, has made ufe of this moft happy couplet:
And scatter'd clumps, that nod at one another,
*Landscape, ii. 6. a poem, which the elegant and ingenious author, by a few lectures. on verfification, relative to modes of expreffion too undignified for poetry, and a languishing imbecillity of numbers, would foon polish into greater excellence. The address of Sir Edward Winnington is an admirable specimen of fine tafte and noble fentiment.
* Mr. Knight's Poem.