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has been fet afide. I do not know how to reconcile this to the oath of allegiance I have taken to the King, and fo often repeated, which is always taken in the fenfe of the Lawgiver and Impofer. The perfon is next in blood to fucceed to the Crown, and when I swear allegiance, it is not only to the King, but his Heirs and Succeffors;' and there can be no interregnum in our Government. When one King is dead, the other next in blood must fucceed; and who can difpenfe with my oath of allegiance? All the Members of the Houfe make profeffion of being of the church of England. I am afraid the church of England will receive a great blow by this bill. The reafon of one of the great beauties of the church of England, is, that it is fafe and fecure in the matter of allegiance to all-Government must be either active or paffive. If we are to defend a King made by act of parliament, as this bill imports, that law will receive a blemish; for we are not to do evil that good may come of it, if there be any good in the bill! But I know of none; and therefore I move to throw it out."
When we confider the abfurdity, the baseness, and the falfity of this harangue, we are amazed that it was not received with the higheft indignation. It is fcarce credible, that any one fhould ever have had the impudence to affert in the face of an English Parliament, that no precedent could be found, where a Prince in proximity of blood to the Crown, had been fet afide." The infamous arguments, however, of this wretched Lawyer, and worthlefs Citizen, were in part answered by the late Attorney-General,
"Sir William Jones.] - It is abfolutely neceffary that you pass this bill; it is far from my nature to inflict any severe punishment; but this bill is not a punishment without hearing the Duke (as has been alledged.) We do not punish the Duke as a criminal, but we are preventing the evil that is likely to befal us from that religion he profefles. Jenkins made an argument against this bill, from the oath of allegiance, as if we were perjured in maintaining this bill. It is the first time I ever heard that those oaths were to bring in popery, but to fecure us from popery; and he urges much the point of lawful Succeffor to the Crown.' But is any man the King's lawful Succeffor till the King is dead? Nemo eft Hares Viventis, is a maxim in Jenkins's own law (the civil.) But when I take the oath of allegiance, that oath did never bind to above one perfon at a time. I am not obliged to any allegiance till that Succeffor comes to act. Therefore, I am not at all afraid that this bill is against the oath of allegiance.As to the objection of Prefumptive Heir,' &c. I never, in all my life, in books, met with such an
expreffion. Sometimes there is mention made of Heir appa rent,' and I wonder that any man fhould call the Duke so, when it may be but a name. As to the other objection, that this bill may fall to the ground, because it is like the act of perpetuity of the late long Parliament,' there is no reafon for that confequence. There is no need of executing this bill in the King's life time. Then only this law is in force, after the King's decease.-One thing farther is objected, That if this bill pass the Parliament, there will be a fort of "loyal men,' who will not obey this law: I have a wrong notion of this word "loyal," if that be fo. He is loyal to the King that obeys his laws; and he is otherwise that does not. This is a thing that may terrify a man that underftands not the nature of it. It is for the benefit of the King and proteftant religion, that this bill pafs, and I am for it."
These arguments, no doubt, had their weight. After many tedious and futile harangues by the Partizans on each side, which we have neither room nor inclination to abridge, the bill paffed; and Lord Ruffel was fent up with it to the Lords. The Lords, however, thought proper to throw it out; and we may venture to pronounce, that the part which Lord Ruffel took in the bill of Exclufion, was, in a great measure, the cause of his death in the year 1683, when he was beheaded for treafon, after a fhew of tryal, by a packel Jury and corrupt Judges. Soon after, the gallant Sydney, who fupported the fame noble principles, was facrificed by the fame vile inftruments.
On the death of Charles, the Duke of York was proclaimed King, by the title of James the fecond; and having fummoned a Parliament, fuch arts were used, and the elections fo fuccefffully managed, that the King faid, There were not above forty Members but fuch as he himfelf wifhed for.'
He proved, however, to have been somewhat mistaken in his calculation, for he did not find them altogether fo obfequious as he hoped. For they would not allow him to difpenfe with the Teft Act, which they oppofed very ftrongly in their address of thanks for the fuppreffion of the late rebellion. To this the King made the following anfwer.
"I did not expect such an addrefs from the House of Commons, having fo lately recommended to your confideration the great advantages a good understanding between us had produced in a very fhort time, and given you warning of fears and jealoufies amongst ourselves.
"I had reafon to hope, that the reputation God had blessed me with in the world, would have created and confirmed a greater
In our part I vi te fener in all my Trave D IN ver nut to IT word in
Camel, however, Ver 20 wer his royal WITH VIC : La mure au ace jaktai; and the King DNC Evs i ii that he could carry nothing in tiCCR- TONI FYER WIT De Te, be prorogued Ret unisce a tour repeated prorogaticas for
Wen zee omic to take roke, the Mr. Grer, the Comoffers Decaces, not being a Member ce King James's Primese arostings therella are taken from the Journals B÷2 the Rubones of the Times. The debates of But the $trary proceedings after the prorogation, taifthis Face lowerer, coccia poching very interesting: Rowe, vid will be the lebject of the remaining article.
Zeres iprt of werty, as made way for the happy
(Ta be crucialed in say next.]
Pass Trains, by Francis Hoyiand, B. A. 4to. 25.
Na faram vala, mis Polipo im.
HIS Gentleman, who petitions for a competence of nofe, has most cruelly difappointed us by his motto. On fight of fo droll a fign, we expected to have been entertained within, in the Cervantian or Shandyan taste, and were not a little furprized when the first thing that prefented itself was, the 104th
Lord remember David and all his troubles! What has he not endured from pious Poets, and wicked Hiftorians? while thofe have murdered his writings, and thefe his reputation! grandeur, the majefty, the fublimity of his poetry, have been totally loft in every attempt to reduce them to modern numbers; and his images have either languished under imbecillity, or have been diftorted by bombaft.
He, as a curtain, stretch'd on high,
The vaft cerulean canopy,
And gave with fires to glow;
'Twas he, tremendous Potentate,
In the early state of poetry, when the analogy of style and fentiment were as little regarded as any other refinement, this mixture of expreffion, the grand with the familiar, was frequently admitted; but he must know very little of the genius of modern poetry, or of the reigning tafte, who can expect any toleration for it now. Thus, in the stanza above-quoted, when the Tranflator mentions the Almighty's building a hall of fate upon the waves, the image becomes ridiculous, because the analogy of ftyle and fentiment is deftroyed.
He walks upon the wings of wind,
And, fwitter than the lightning's glance,
In the Bible tranflation thus. Who maketh the clouds his chariot, and walketh upon the wings of the wind. Who maketh his angels fpirits his minifters a flaming fire. This is very great; but Mr. Hoyland, in his tranflation, has blundered the first part, and has mifunder/tood-the latter. While he represents the Almighty as walking upon the wings of wind, which is badly expreffed, he tells us at the fame time, that he leaves the forms behind; by which he muft neceffarily infer, that the wind goes before the ftoim; which is neither fenfe nor philofophy.
The other verfe, viz. He maketh his angels fpirits, and his minifters a flaming fire, the Tranflator has not understood; therefore his paraphrafe is altogether foreign to the purpose. This verfe is, in the Hebrew, an Hypallage, and the expreffion when inverted, will unfold this fenfe. He maketh fpirits [q. f. the winds before-mentioned] his meffengers; and flaming fires [q. f. lightning, &c.] his minifters.This is much the most obvious interpretation, and it is perfectly agreeable to the fubject which the royal Writer had before him, viz. the power and grandeur of the Supreme Being in the visible creation.
The two following ftanzas are more correct, and are not without poetical merit :
But when the fable hand of night
Has quench'd the fickly rays of light,
Fierce thro' the devious wood,
But foon as fprings the rofeate dawn,
We are next presented with a tranflation of the Cyclops of Theocritus, which is unequally done. In the following lines, however, the uncouth Lover expoftulates with his Nymph, in à manner not unentertaining; and the argument in the laft verse, proves that the honeft Cyclops, though fo deeply in love, was no fool.
I guess, dear Nymph, the caufe of all your fcorn,
This paftoral, which abounds with elegant defcription, and exhibits a natural picture of the paffion of love, was addressed by Theocritus to one of his medical friends, and its end was to prove, that, in love-complaints, there was no phyfic equal to melody and fong. Agreeably to which we find the poor Cyclops much better towards the end of his ditty, comforting himfelf with the hopes of obtaining a land Nymph at least, if his falt-water Love should reject him. What fay you, Lovers! is there not fome truth to be collected from this fable?
After this tranflation appears another, of the fifty-fixth Ode of Anacreon; we believe this Ode is fpurious; but whether the original be genuine or not, the tranflation merits no farther mention.
The Ode to a Guardian Angel, which follows this, is an original performance. The fubject is capable of many beauties; but the Poet has uttered nothing upon it either beautiful or new, fo that here we have no room to praife the fertility of his imagi
In the Elegy entitled Rural Happiness, he has fucceeded