« PreviousContinue »
Oxus, a river in Asia.
Pales, a Roman deity of flocks and shepherds. pampered, leafy (Lat. pam
pinus, vine'), v. 214. Pandemonium, the place of All-Devils. A word coined on the analogy of Pantheon.
Pandora, a woman made
by the gods to do mischief to men. The word means that she possest 'all their gifts.' Paneas, now Banias, a town under Hermon at one of the springs of Jordan, believed by many to be the ancient Dan. panim, pagan (or infidel). Pan, the rural god, a kind of personification nature. The word means 'everything,' and M. plays on this word in iv. 266, though there is no real connection between the two.
Peor, i.e. Baal - peor, licentious deity. person, character, x. 156. Petsora, Petchora on the Arctic ocean.
Pharphar, a river flowing near Damascus. Phlegeton (Phlegethon), river of fire, one of the rivers of the infernal regions in Greek mythology.
Phlegra, the battle-field of the gods and giants in Greek mythology. Phineus, a blind soothsayer of old Greece. phenix, a fabulous bird, supposed to live a thousand years, and then to burn itself, on which another would rise from the ashes.
platane, plane-tree, iv. 478. poise, weigh down, ii. 9a5. Pomona, the Roman god
dess of fruit trees, wedded by Vertumnus. ponent, from the W. or sunsetting, x. 704. pontifical, bridge-making, x. 313.
Pontus, the Black Sea; also a district in Asia Minor southward of the same. port, gate, iv. 778. pretended, stretcht screen, x. 872. prevenient, anticipating, xi. 3.
prevention, anticipation (of a coming blow), vi. 320. prick, ride or spur, ii. 536. procinct (in), girt (Lat. in procinctu), vi. 19. proem, prelude, ix. 549.
of | Rhea, wife of Jupiter Am
Rhea, wife of Kronos
Ceres (Gr. Demeter), wife of Pluto, who carried her off while gathering flowers in Enna. Proteus, the mythical Old Man of the Sea, who could transform himself into many shapes. punctual, like a point, viii.
Punic coast, the N. of
Africa, about Carthage. purlieus, neighbourhood, ii. 833.
purpose, converse, iv. 337. Pyrrha, wife of Deucalion. Pythian: the Pythian games were held at Delphi in honour of Pythian Apollo. Python, the dragon of Delphi, bred out of slime left by Deucalion's deluge.
Sidon was one of the chief Phoenician towns. Siloa, a pool with a spring flowing into it, just outside Jerusalem, and near the temple. Sinaan, Chinese.
Sinai, a mountain or mountain range on a peninsula between the Gulfs of Suez and Akabah; here were given the Tables of the Law to Moses.
Sion, one of the hills of Jerusalem, where the temple stood. sirocco, a hot wind from the S.-E.
Sieraliona, Sierra Leone. Sittim, a camping-place of the Israelites hard by Jericho.
sleight, trick, ix. 92. Sofala, on E. coast of Africa. Soldan, Sultan. Sophi, or Sophy, Shah, x. 433. sord, sward, xi. 433. spring, growth, ix. 218. starve, perish, ii. 600. Stygian, of Styx. Styx, River of Hate, one of the rivers of the infernal regions in Greek mythology.
sublime, uplifted, x. 536. sublimed, uplifted, i. 235. success, result, ii. 9. succinct, girt up, iii. 643. supplanted, thrown off his
feet, x. 513.
Susa, a great city, winter residence of the Persian kings (Shushan in the Bible).
Sus, Tunis. swage, assuage, i. 556. Sylvanus, a Roman deity of the fields and forests. synod, assembly, ii. 391. suspense, adj., full of suspense, ii. 418. Syrtis, a gulf and quicksand in N. Africa.
Tantalus was condemned to remain throat-deep in a lake, with fruit-trees overhanging; but so often as he caught at the fruit, the trees receded, and when he stooped to drink, the water fled away from his lips. Tartarus, 'the Pit,' Hades. Tauris, Tabriz, in N. Persia.
Taurus, the Bull, one of the signs of the Zodiac. ted, to spread out hay for the
making, ix. 450. Telassar, a city of the 'children of Eden,' where precisely is unknown. Temir, i.e. Timar or Tamberlaine, whose capital was Samarcand. tempering, mixing, vii. 15. Ternate, one of the Moluccas or Spice Islands. Thammuz, a god supposed to have been slain by a boar on Lebanon, and to die and revive each year. The Greeks identified him with Adonis.
Thamyris, a blind Thracian bard.
Thebes, a city in Boeotia (N. Greece), scene of a mythical struggle.
Thebes, a famous city in Egypt (distinct from Thebes in Greece), Themis, goddess of justice and right. Thrascias, the wind. Thyestes, before whom was set the flesh of his sons at a banquet.
tiar, tiara, diadem, iii. 625. Tidore, one of the Moluccas or Spice Islands. Tigris, a river of Mesopotamia, supposed to be that which watered Eden. tine, kindle, x. 1075. tire, drag, tear (techn. term in falconry), vi. 605. Tiresias, an ancient Greek
seer, who was blind. Titans, in Greek mythology, were the beings who ruled the universe before the dynasty of Zeus, who warred upon them and overthrew them. They are often confused with the giants. In i. 510 used of the eldest of the brood, whom M. says gave place to Saturn, q.v. Tobias. See Asmodeus. Tobit's son, Tobias. See Asmodeus.
Tophet, in the valley of Hinnom.
Trebisond, Trapezus, a Greek city on the Black Sea. Trinacrian, Sicilian, a title taken from the three promontories of Sicily. Triton, a river in Libya. Troy, a town in N.-W. of Asia Minor.
Turnus, the rival and foe