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New laws to be observed; for I descry,
From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill,
One of the Heavenly host, and, by his gait,
None of the meanest-some great Potentate
Or of the Thrones above, such majesty
Invests him coming; yet not terrible,
That I should fear, nor sociably mild,
As Raphael, that I should much confide,
But solemn and sublime; whom, not to offend,
With reverence I must meet, and thou retire.'
He ended; and the Archangel soon drew

Not in his shape celestial, but as man
Clad to meet man.
Over his lucid arms
A military vest of purple flowed,
Livelier than Melibaan, or the grain
Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old
In time of truce; Iris had dipt the woof.
His starry helm unbuckled showed him prime
In manhood where youth ended; by his side,
As in a glistering zodiac, hung the sword,
Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the spear.
Adam bowed low; he, kingly, from his state
Inclined not, but his coming thus declared :—

- 250


'Adam, Heaven's high behest no preface needs.
Sufficient that thy prayers are heard, and Death,
Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress,
Defeated of his seizure many days,
Given thee of grace, wherein thou may'st repent,
And one bad act with many deeds well done
May'st cover. Well may then thy Lord,


Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim;
But longer in this Paradise to dwell


sentence delivered


Eve's Permits not. To remove thee I am come, 260 sorrow at And send thee from the Garden forth, to till banish- The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil.' He added not; for Adam, at the news Heart-strook, with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen Yet all had heard, with audible lament Discovered soon the place of her retire :

O unexpected stroke, worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee, Paradise? thus leave Thee, native soil? these happy walks and shades,


Fit haunt of Gods, where I had hope to spend,
Quiet, though sad, the respite of that day
O flowers,
That must be mortal to us both?
That never will in other climate grow,
My early visitation, and my last
At even, which I bred up with tender hand
From the first opening bud, and gave ye names,
Who now shall rear ye to the Sun, or rank
Your tribes, and water from the ambrosial fount?
Thee, lastly, nuptial bower, by me adorned 280
With what to sight or smell was sweet, from thee
How shall I part, and whither wander down
Into a lower world, to this obscure
And wild? How shall we breathe in other air
Less pure, accustomed to immortal fruits?'
Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild :--
'Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign
What justly thou hast lost; nor set thy heart,
Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine.
Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes
Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound;
Where he abides, think there thy native soil.'


Adam, by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering, and his scattered spirits returned, To Michael thus his humble words addressed:'Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or named

Of them the highest-for such of shape may seem
Prince above princes-gently hast thou told
Thy message, which might else in telling wound,
And in performing end us.
What besides 300
Of sorrow, and dejection, and despair,
Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring-
Departure from this happy place, our sweet
Recess, and only consolation left
Familiar to our eyes; all places else
Inhospitable appear, and desolate,


Nor knowing us, nor known. And, if by prayer
Incessant I could hope to change the will
Of him who all things can, I would not cease
To weary
him with my assiduous cries;
But prayer against his absolute decree
No more avails than breath against the wind,
Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth:
Therefore to his great bidding I submit.
This most afflicts me-that, departing hence,
As from his face I shall be hid, deprived
His blessed countenance. Here I could frequent,
With worship, place by place where he voutsafed
Presence Divine, and to my sons relate,
"On this mount He appeared; under this tree 320
Stood visible; among these pines his voice
I heard; here with him at this fountain talked."
So many grateful altars I would rear
Of grassy turf, and pile up every stone
Of lustre from the brook, in memory

Adam bows

to the decree

All the Or monument to ages, and thereon earth Offer sweet-smelling gums, and fruits, and

is the



In yonder nether world where shall I seek
His bright appearances, or footstep trace?
For, though I fled him
angry, yet, recalled
To life prolonged and promised race, I now
Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts
Of glory, and far off his steps adore.'

To whom thus Michael, with regard benign:-
'Adam, thou know'st Heaven his, and all the



Not this rock only; his omnipresence fills
Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives,
Fomented by his virtual power and warmed.
All the Earth he gave thee to possess and rule,
No despicable gift; surmise not, then,
His presence to these narrow bounds confined
Of Paradise or Eden. This had been
Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread
All generations, and had hither come,
From all the ends of the Earth, to celebrate
And reverence thee their great progenitor.
But this pre-eminence thou hast lost, brought

To dwell on even ground now with thy sons:
Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain
God is, as here, and will be found alike
Present, and of his presence many a sign
Still following thee, still compassing thee round
With goodness and paternal love, his face
Express, and of his steps the track divine.
Which that thou may'st believe, and be confirmed
Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent



a hill of wide

360 prospect

To show thee what shall come in future days
To thee and to thy offspring. Good with bad ascends
Expect to hear, supernal grace contending
With sinfulness of men-thereby to learn
True patience, and to temper joy with fear
And pious sorrow, equally inured
By moderation either state to bear,
Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead
Safest thy life, and best prepared endure
Thy mortal
passage when it comes.
This hill; let Eve (for I have drenched her

Here sleep below while thou to foresight wak'st,
As once thou slept'st while she to life was formed.'

To whom thus Adam gratefully replied:- 370 'Ascend; I follow thee, safe guide, the path Thou lead'st me, and to the hand of Heaven submit,

However chastening-to the evil turn
My obvious breast, arming to overcome
By suffering, and earn rest from labour won,
If so I may attain.' So both ascend
In the visions of God. It was a hill,
Of Paradise the highest, from whose top
The hemisphere of Earth in clearest ken
Stretched out to the amplest reach of prospect


Not higher that hill, nor wider looking round,
Whereon for different cause the Tempter set
Our second Adam, in the wilderness,

To show him all Earth's kingdoms and their

His eye might there command wherever stood
City of old or modern fame, the seat

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