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So faying, with dispatchful looks in hafte
She turns, on hofpitable thoughts intent,
What choice to chufe for delicacy beft,
What order, Jo contriv'd as not to mix
Taftes, not well joyn'd inelegant, but bring
Taste after taste, upheld with kindliest change;
Beftirs her then, &c.

THOUGH in this, and other Parts of the fame Book, the Subject is only the Housewifry of our First Parent, it is fet off with so many pleafing Images and ftrong Expreffions, as make it none of the least agreeable Parts in this Divine Work.

THE natural Majefty of Adam, and at the fame Time his fubmiffive Behaviour to the fuperior Being, who had vouchfafed to be his Gueft; the folemn Hail which the Angel beftows upon the Mother of Mankind, with the Figure of Eve miniftring at the Table, are Circumstances which deferve to be admired.

RAPHAEL's Behaviour is every Way fuitable to the Dignity of his Nature, and to that Character of a fociable Spirit, with which the Author has fo judiciously introduced him. He had received Inftructions to converfe with Adam, as one Friend converses with another, and to warn him of the Enemy, who was contriving his Destruction: Accordingly he is reprefented as fitting down at Table with Adam,


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and eating of the Fruits of Paradife. The Occasion naturally leads him to his Discourse on the Food of Angels. After having thus entered into Converfation with Man upon more indifferent Subjects, he warns him of his Obedience, and makes a natural Tranfition to the History of that fallen Angel, who was employed in the Circumvention of our firft Parents.

HAD I followed Monfieur Boffu's Method, in my firft Paper on Milton, I should have dated the Action of Paradife Lost from the Beginning of Raphael's Speech in this Book, as he fuppofes the Action of the Eneid to begin in the fecond Book of that Poem. I could alledge many Reasons for my drawing the Action of the Eneid rather from its immediate Beginning in the firft Book, than from its remote Beginning in the fecond, and fhew why I have confidered the facking of Troy as an Episode, according to the common Acceptation of that Word. But as this would be a dry unentertaining Piece of Criticism, and haps unneceffary to those who have read my firft Paper, I fhall not enlarge upon it. Whichever of the Notions be true, the Unity of Milton's Action is preferved according to either of them; whether we confider the Fall of Man in its immediate Beginning, or proceeding from the Refolutions taken in the infernal Council, or in its more remote Beginning, as proceeding from the first Revolt of the Angels in Heaven. The Occafion which Milton affigns for this Revolt, as it is founded on Hints in Holy

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Writ, and on the Opinion of fome great Writers, fo it was the most proper that the Poet could have made use of.

THE Revolt in Heaven is defcribed with great Force of Indignation, and a fine Variety of Circumftances. The learned Reader cannot but be pleafed with the Poet's Imitation of Homer in the last of the following Lines.

At length into the limits of the North
They came, and Satan took his Royal Seat
High on a Hill, far blazing, as a Mount
Rais'd on a Mount, with Pyramids and Tow'rs
From Diamond Quarries hewn, and Rocks of Gold,
The Palace of great Lucifer, (fo call
That Structure in the Dialect of Men

HOMER mentions Perfons and Things, which he tells us in the Language of the Gods are call'd by different Names from those they go by in the. Language of Men. Milton has imitated him with his ufual Judgment in this particular Place, wherein he has likewife the Authority of Scripture to juftify him. The Part of Abdiel, who was the only Spirit that in this infinite Hoft of Angels preferved his Allegiance to his Maker, exhibits to us a noble Moral of religious Singularity. The Zeal of the Seraphim breaks forth in a becoming Warmth of Sentiments and Expreffions, as the Character

Character which is given us of him denotes that generous Scorn and Intrepidity which attends heroick Virtue. The Author doubtless defigned it as a Pattern to those who live among Mankind in their prefent State of Degeneracy and Corruption.

So fpake the Seraph Abdiel faithful found,
Among the faithless, faithful only be;
Among innumerable false, unmov'd,
Unfbaken, unfeduc'd, unterrify'd;

His Loyalty he kept, his Love, his Zeal:
Nor Number, nor Example with him wrought
To fwerve from Truth, or change his conftant mind
Though fingle. From amidst them forth he pass'd,
Long Way through hoftile Scorn, which he fuftain'd
Superior, nor of Violence fear'd ought;

And with retorted Scorn his Back he tarn'd

On those proud Tow'rs to swift Destruction doom'd.


N 328.

Monday, March 17,

Nullum me a labore reclinat otium. Hor.


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S I believe this is the firft Complaint "that ever was made to you of this D 4


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Nature, fo you are the firft Perfon I ever could prevail upon my felf to lay it before. When I tell you I have a healthy vigorous Conftitution, a plentiful Eftate, no inordinate Defires, and am married to a very virtuous lovely Woman, who neither wants Wit nor good Nature, and by whom I have a numerous Offspring to perpetuate my Family, you will naturally conclude me a happy Man. But, notwithstanding these promising Appearances, I am fo far from it, that the Prospect of being ruin'd and undone, by a Sort of Extravagance which of late Years is in a lefs Degree crept into every fashionable Family, deprives me of all the Comforts of my Life, and renders me the most anxious miferable Man on Earth. My Wife, who was the only Child and darling Care of an indulgent Mother, employ'd her early Years in learning all thofe Accomplishments we generally understand by good Breeding and a polite Education. She fings, dances, plays on the Lute and Harpfichord, paints prettily, is a perfect Mistress of the French Tongue, and has made a confiderable Progrefs in Italian. She is befides excellently skill'd in all domeftick Sciences, as Preferving, Pickling, Paftry, making Wines of Fruits of our own Growth, Embroidering, and Needle-works of every Kind. Hitherto you will be apt to think there is very little Cause of Complaint; but fufpend your Opinion till I have further explain'd my felf,


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