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Happier, bad it sufficed him to have known
Michael, this my behest have thou in charge : Take to thee from among the Cherubim
100 Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the Fiend, Or in behalf of Man, or to invade Vacant possession, some new trouble raise. Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God, Without remorse, drive out the sinful pair 105 (From hallow'd ground th' unholy), and denounce To them and to their progeny, from thence Perpetual banishment. Yet, lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urged, For I behold them soften'd, and with tears 110 Bewailing their excess, all terror hide. If patiently thy bidding they obey, Dismiss them not disconsolate. Reveal To Adam what shall come in future days, As I shall thee enliųhten. Intermix
115 My cov'nant in the Woman's seed renew'd ; So send them forth, tho' sorrowing, yet in peace : And on the east side of the garden place, Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs, Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame 129 Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright, And guard all passage to the tree of life, Lest Paradise a receptacle prove To spirits foul, and all my trees their prey,
124 With whose stol'n fruit Man once more to delude.
He ceased; and th' Archangelic Pow'r prepared For swift descent, with him the cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim. Four faces each Had, like a double Janus: all their shape
:28. Ezek. X. 14.
Spangled with eyes, more numerous than those 13
Eve, easily may faith admit, that all
145 Hard to belief may seem; yet this will prayer, Or one short sigh of human breath, upborne Ev'n to the seat of God! For since I sought By prayer th' offended Deity to' appease, Kneel'd, and before him humbled all my heart, 150 Methought I saw him placable and mild, Bending his ear! Persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour! Peace return'd Home to my breast, and to my memory His promise, that thy seed shall bruise our foe; 155 Which then not minded in dismay, yet now Assures me that the bitterness of death Is past, and we shall live! Whence hail to thee, Eve (rightly call'd) mother of all mankind, Mother of all things living; since by thee 160 Man is to live, and all things live for Man!
To whom thus Eve, with sad demeanour meek: Ill worthy I such title should belong To me transgressor, who, for thee ordain'd A help, became thy snare! To me reproach 165
131. Argus, it is said, was lulled to sleep, and then killed by Mercury.
135. Leucothea ; the morning, so called from two Greek words signifying light and goddess This is the last morning in the poem, and is supposed to be the commencement of the elerenth day in the action on earth.
157. 1 Sam, xv. 32. 150. Gen. iii. 20. Eve is from an Hebrew word signifying
life, ar to tive.
Rather belongs, distrust, and all dispraise!
So spake, so wish'd inuch-humbled Eve, but Fate Subscribed not. Nature first gave signs, impress’d On bird, beast, air, air suddenly eclipsed After short blush of morn. Nigh in her sight The bird of Jove, stoop'd from bis aery tour, 185 Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods, First hunter then, pursued a gentle brace, Goodliest of all the forest, hart and hind: Direct to th' eastern gate was bent their flight. 190 Adam observed, and with his eye the chase Pursuing, not unmoved, to Eve thus spake :
O Eve, some further change awaits us nigh, Which Heav'n by these mute signs in nature shews, Forerunners of his purpose, or to warn
182. Subscribed not, consented not.
And slow descends with something heav nly fraughts
He err'd not; for by this the heav'nly bands
Eve, now expect great tidings, which perhaps
He ended : and th' Arch-Angel soon drew nigh,
213. Gen. xxxii. 1, 2. 2 Kings vi. 13. 242. The famous scarlet dye celebrated among the ancients wa made from a fish called ostrum, found near Kielibæn, a city of Thessaly.-Sar was the name of the fish of which the Phoenicians made the famous Tyrian purple.
In manhood where youth ended. By his side,
Adam, Heav'n's high behest no preface needs :
He added not; for Adam at the news Heart-struck, with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, That all his senses bound. Eve, who unseen 265 Yet all had heard, with audible lament, Discover'd soon the place of her retire.
O unexpected stroke, worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee, Paradise! thus leave Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades, 270 Fit haunt of Gods! where I had hope to spend, Quiet though sad, the respite of that day That must be mortal to us both! O flow'rs, That never will in other climate grow, My early visitation, and my last
275 At e'en, which I bred up with tender hand From the first opening bud, and gave ye names, Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank Your tribes, and water from th' ambrosial fount? Thee lastly, nuptial bower by me adorn'd 280 With what to sight or smell was sweet, from thee How shall I part, and whither wander down
261. The repetition of the message in the same words ir which it was given is common in classical writers, and, it may be added, in those of Scripture also.
268. It has been excellentiy remarked by Addison, that there is great bearity in Eve's thus expressing her sorrow at leaving the garden of Paradise. Fitness and at the beauties of propriety are indeed to be found in every line of this part of the poem.