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Of day-spring, and the Sun, who scarce ap risen,
151 To add more sweetness; and they thus began :
These are thy glorious works, Parent of Good, Almighty, thine this universal frame, Thus wondrous fair: thyself how wondrous then! Unspeakable, who sit'st above these Heav'ns 156 To us invisible, or dimly seen In these thy lowest works: yet these declare Thy goodness beyond thought, and pow'r divine. Speak ye who best can tell, ye sons of light, 160 Angels; for ye behold Him, and with songs And choral symphonies, day without night, Circle his throne rejoicing! ye in Heav'n, On Earth join all ye Creatures to extol Him first, him last, him midst, and without end. 165 Fairest of stars, last in the train of night, If better thou belong not to the dawn, Sure pledge of day, that crown'st the smiling morn With thy bright circlet, praise him in thy sphere, While day arises, that sweet hour of prime. 170 Thou Sun, of this great world both eye and soul, Acknowledge him thy greater; sound his praise In thy eternal course, both when thou climb'st, And when high noon hast gaiu'd, and when thou fall'st. Moon, that now meets the orient Sun, now fly’st, 175 With the fix'd stars, fix'd in their orb that flies,
153. This prayer is a close imitation of the 148th Psalm : see also the Canticle in our Liturgy taken from it.
155. Wisd. xiii. 345. 162. Day without night, without such night as ours: as the Author afterward explains it, Buok vi. 8.
172. Bentley proposed to read dim Creator,' for thy greater.'
And ye five other wand'ring fires that move
185 From hill or steaming lake, dusky or grey, Till the Sun paint your fleecy skirts with gold, In honour to the world's great Author rise, Whether to deck with clouds th' uncolour'd sky, Or wet the thirsty earth with falling show'rs, 190 Rising or falling still advance his praise. His praise, ye Winds, that from four quarters blow Breathe soft or loud ; and wave your tops, ye Pines, With every plant; in sign of worship wave. Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow, 195 Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. Join voices all ye living Souls; ye Birds, That singing up to Heaven-gate ascend, Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise. Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk 200 The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep, Witness if I be silent, morn or ev'n, To hill or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Made vocal by my song, and taught his praise. Hail Universal Lord, be bounteous still
205 To give us only good; and if the night Have gather'd aught of evil, or conceal'd, Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark.
So pray'd they innocent, and to their thoughts
197. Soul is here used as in Scripture, frequently to signify any living thing.
202. The commentators have exercised their ingenuity to ex. plain why Milton used the singular I in this line when it would seem that both Adam and Eve were expressing themselves in the hymn. Bentley reads we, which if right, would do away with the difficulty at once. Others, anong which are Newton and Dr: Pearce, think the prayer was intended to be interlocutory, which would also explain it, but I imagine that from Milton known opinion on the subject of female modesty and subjection, it is easy to suppose he never intended to represent Eve as au dibly accompanying the devotious of her husband. This idea ma: he strengthened by referring to i Cor. xiv. 34. and i Tin.ii. ll.
Firm peace recover'd soon, and wonted calm. 210
Raphael, said he, thou hear'st what stir on Earth Satan from Hell, 'scaped thro' the darksome gulf, 225 Hath raised in Paradise, and how disturb'd This night the hunian pair, how he designs In them at once to ruin all mankind. Go, therefore, half this day as friend with friend Converse with Adam, in what bow'r or shade 230 Thou find'st him from the heat of noon retired, To respite his day-labour with repast, Or with repose ; and such discourse bring on As may advise him of his happy state, Happiness in his pow'r left free to will,
235 Left to his own free will, his will though free, Yet mutable; whence warn him to beware He swerve not too secure. Tell him withal His danger, and from whom; what enemy, Late fall'n himself from Heav'n, is plotting now 240 The fall of others from like state of bliss. By violence ? No, for that shall be withstood; But by deceit and lies. This let him know, Lest wilfully transgressing he pretend Surprisal, unadmonish'd, unforewarn'd.
245 So spake th' Eternal Father, and fulfill'd All justice: nor delay'd the winged Saint
214. Pamper'd, from pampre, overgrown with leaves. 224. See Tasso, Lib. Can. ix. st. 58, which Milton seems
here to have had in view. 245. See also Tasso, Can. ix. eaThe description of the deecending angel is sple did in both poets, and they may be prottahly compared.
After his charge received ; but from among
265 A cloudy spot. Down thither prone in flight He speeds, and through the vast ethereal sky Sails between worlds and worlds, with steady wing Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan Winnows the buxom air: till within soar
270 Of tow'ring eagles, to all the fowls he seems A Phoenix, gazed by all, as that sole bird, When to inshrine his reliques in the Sun's Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies. At once on theastern cliff of Paradise
275 He lights, and to his proper shape returns, A seraph wing'd; six wings he wore, to shade
249, Ardors, Seraphim, which has the same meaning in Hebrew.
254. So Homer makes the gates of Heaven open to the gods, Il. v. 749.
258. The word being must be understood after star. 262. Galileo first used the telescope in astronomical observations, The Cyclades, of which Delos and Samos are two, are islands in the Archipelago.
272. The Phenix has the epithet sole applied to it, because it is said that but one exists at a time. It is described as very beautiful, and living several hundred years, at the end of which time it burns itself on a pile prepared of aromatic wood; from its ashes springs its solitary successor, which inmediately flies with the remains of its predecessor to Thebes, in Egypt, where it reposits them in the temple of the Sun.
276. His proper shape, that in which he seemed to have been before
His lineaments divine; the pair that clad
305 Of nect'rous draughts between, froin milky stream, Berry or grape. To whom thus Adam call's :
Haste hither, Eve, and, worth thy sight, behold Eastward among those trees, what glorious shape Comes this way moving ; seems another morn 310 Risen on mid-noon; some great behest from Heav'n To us perhaps he brings, and will vouchsafe This day to be our guest. But go with speed, And what thy stores contain bring forth, and pour
294. A beantiful comparison-feathers lie over one another she plaits of a coat of mail. 285. Maia's son, Mercury: see Iliad xxiv. 339. Æn. iv. 238.
299. Gen. xviii. 1 where Abraham is described sitting in the door of the tent.
310. Nothing can be conceived more splendid than the idea conreyed in the short description of Raphael's glory. In Marino's Adonis there is a similar one, C. ii. st. 27.