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The Scene, the Mafter, opening to my view,
I fit and dream I see my CRAGGS anew!
Ev'n in a Bishop I can fpy Defert ;
But does the Court a worthy Man remove?
dens of Efher in Surry, belonging to the Honourable Mr. Pelham, Brother of the Duke of Newcastle. The author could not have given a more amiable idea of his Character than in comparing him to Mr. Craggs. P. VER. 67. Kent and Nature] Means no more than art and And in this confifts the compliment to the Artist. VER. 71. Secker is decent] Thefe words (like thofe 135. of the first Dialogue) are another inftance of the malignity of the public judgment. The Poet thought, and not without reason, that they conveyed a very high idea of the worthy perfon to whom they are applied; to be DECENT (or to become every station of life in which a man is placed) being the nobleft encomium on his wisdom and virtue. It is the very topic he employs in fpeaking of a 'favourite friend, one he most efteemed and loved,
Noble and young, who ftrikes the heart,
With ev'ry sprightly, ev'ry DECENT part.
The word in both places implying every endowment of the heart. As in that celebrated verfe of Horace, from whence the expreffion was taken, aud which no one has a better right to apply to himself than this excellent prelate :
Quid verum atque DECENS curo et rogo, et omnis in hoc fum. So that to be decent is to excell in the moral character.
I fhun his Zenith, court his mild Decline;
Thus SOMMERS once, and HALIFAX, were mine. Oft, in the clear, ftill Mirrour of Retreat,
I ftudy'd SHREWSBURY, the wife and great: CARLETON'S calm Senfe, and STANHOPE's noble
Compar'd, and knew their gen'rous End the fame :
VER. 77. Sommers] John Lord Sommers died in 1716. He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of William III. who took from him the seals in 1700. The author had the honour of knowing him in 1706. A faithful, able, and incorrupt minifter; who, to the qualities of a confummate statesman, added those of a man of Learning and Politeness. P.
Ibid Halifax] A peer, no lefs diftinguished by his love of letters than his abilities in Parliament. He was difgraced in 1710, on the Change of Q. Anne's miniftry. P.
VER. 79. Shrewsbury,] Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, had been Secretary of state, Embassador in France, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Chamberlain, and Lord Treasurer. He feveral times quitted his employments, and was often recalled. He died in 1718. P.
VER. 80. Carleton] Hen. Boyle, Lord Carleton (nephew of the famous Robert Boyle) who was Secretary of itate under William III. and Prefident of the Council under Q. Anne. P.
Ibid. Stanhope] James Earl Stanhope. A Nobleman of equal courage, ipirit, and learning. General in Spain, and Secretary of itate. P.
How can I PULT'NEY, CHESTERFIELD forget,
Or WYNDHAM, juft to Freedom and the Throne,
And if yet higher the proud Lift should end,
VER. 84. Chesterfield] Philip Earl of Chesterfield, commonly given by Writers of all Parties for an EXAMPLE to the Age he lives in, of fuperior talents, and public Virtue.
VER. 88. Wyndham] Sir William Wyndham, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Queen Anne, made early a confiderable figure; but fince a much greater both by his ability and eloquence, joined with the utmost judgment and temper. P.
VER. 92. And if yet higher, etc.] He was at this time honoured with the efteem and favour of his Royal Highnefs the Prince.
VER. 93. Still let me fay! No Follower, but a Friend.] i. e. Unrelated to their parties, and attached only to their perfons.
I never (to my forrow I declare)
Din'd with the MAN of Ross, or my LORD MAY'R Some, in their choice of Friends (nay look not grave) Have still a fecret Byafs to a Knave:
To find an honest man I beat about,
And love him, court him, praise him, in or out.
P. Not fo fierce ;
Find you the Virtue, and I'll find the Verse.
But random Práife-the task can ne'er be done
VER. 99. my Lord May'r] Sir John Barnard, Lord Mayor in the year of the Poem, 1738. A Citizen eminent for his virtue, public Spirit, and great talents in Parliament. An excellent Man, Magiftrate, and Senator. In the year
1747, the City of London, in memory of his many and fignal fervices to his Country, erected a Statue to him. But his image had been placed long before in the heart of every good Man.
What RICHLIEU wanted, Lours fcarce could gain, And what young AMMON wifh'd, but wish'd in vain. No Pow'r the Mufe's Friendship can command; No Pow'r, when Virtue claims it, can withstand: To Cato, Virgil pay'd one honest line;
O let my Country's Friends illumin mine!
What are you thinking? F. Faith the thought's ne fin,
I think your Friends are out and would be in.
P. If merely to come in, Sir, they go out,
F. They too may be corrupted, you'll allow?
VER. 116. Louis fcarce could gain.] By this expreffion finely infinuating, that the great Boileau always falls below himself in thofe paffages where he flatters his Master. Of which flattery he gives an inftance in 231. where the topic of adulation is exceeding childish and extravagant. VER. 127. I only call those Knaves who are so now.] He left it to Time to tell them,
Cato is as great a Rogue as you. not the Cato of Virgil, but the Cato of Mr. Pope. See the Ep. on Riches.
VER. 129. Spirit of Arnall!] Look for him in his place. Dunc. B. ii. 315.