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were once in great hope of his recovery, upon a kind message that was sent him from the widow lady whom he had made love to the forty last years of his life; but this only proved a lightning before death. He has bequeathed to this lady, as a token of his love, a great pearl necklace, and a couple of silver bracelets set with jewels, which belonged to my good old lady his mother. He has bequeathed the fine white gelding that he used to ride a-hunting upon, to his chaplain, because he thought he would be kind to him, and has left you all his books. He has, moreover, bequeathed to the chaplain a very pretty tenement with good lands about it. It being a very cold day when he made his will, he left for mourning, to every man in the parish a great frize-coat, and to every woman a black riding-hood. It was a most moving sight to see him take leave of his poor servants, commending us all for our fidelity, whilst we were not able to speak a word for weeping. As we most of us are grown grayheaded in our dear master's service, he has left us pensions and legacies, which we may live very comfortably upon the remaining part of our days. He has bequeathed a great deal more in charity, which is not yet come to my knowledge, and it is peremptorily said in the parish that he has left money to build a steeple to the church; for he was heard to say some time ago, that, if he lived two years longer, Coverley church should have a steeple to it. The chaplain tells every body that he made a very good end, and never speaks of him without tears. He was buried, according to his own directions, among the family of the Coverleys, on the left hand of his father sir Arthur. The coffin was carried by six of his tenants, and the pall held up bv six of the quo

rum. The whole parish followed the corpse with heavy hearts, and in their mourning suits; the men in frize, and the women in riding-hoods. Captain Sentry, my master's nephew, has taken possession of the Hall-house, and the whole estate. When my

old master saw him a little before his death, he shook him by the hand, and wished him joy of the estate which was falling to him, desiring him only to make a good use of it, and to pay the several legacies, and the gifts of charity, which he told him he had left as quitrents upon the estate. The captain truly seems a courteous man, though he says but little. He makes much of those whom my master loved, and shows great kindness to the old housedog, that you know my poor master was so fond of It would have gone to your heart to have heard the moans the dumb creature made on the day of my master's death. He has never joyed himself since; no more has any of us. It was the melancholiest day for the poor people that ever happened in Worcestershire. This being all from,

'Honoured SIR,

'Your most sorrowful servant,


'P. S. My master desired, some weeks before he died, that a book, which comes up to you by the carrier, should be given to sir Andrew Freeport in his name.'

This letter, notwithstanding the poor butler's manner of writing it, gave us such an idea of our good old friend, that upon the reading of it there was not a dry eye in the club. Sir Andrew, opening the book, found it to be a collection of acts of

VOL. V.-35

parliament. There was in particular the Act of Uniformity, with some passages in it marked by sir Roger's own hand. Sir Andrew found that they related to two or three points which he had disputed with sir Roger the last time he appeared at the club. Sir Andrew, who would have been merry at such an incident on another occasion, at the sight of the old man's handwriting, burst into tears, and put the book in his pocket. Captain Sentry informs me that the knight has left rings and mourning for every one in the club.

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At Drury-lane, on this evening King Lear, thus cast; K. Lear, Mr. Powell; Edgar, Mr. Wilks; Gloster, Mr. Cibber; Edmund, Mr. Mills; Kent, Mr. Keen; Gentleman Usher, Mr. Pinkethman. Cordelia, Mrs. Bradshaw. Spect. in folio.

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By Addison, dated, it is supposed, from his office. See final note to No. 7, on Addison's signatures, C, L, I, O; and Spect. No. 221, note on cabalistical letters, &c.



The Figures in this Index refer to the Numbers of the Spectator.

ACETUS, his character, 422.

Admiration, a pleasing motion of the mind, 413.

Advice, usually received with reluctance, 512.

Affectation described, 460.

Afflictions, how to be alleviated, 501.

Allegories: like light to a discourse, 421; eminent writers faulty in them,
ibid.; the reception the Spectator's allegorical writings met with from
the public, 501.

Allusions, the great art of a writer, 421.

Almighty, his power over the imagination, 421; Aristotle's saying of his
being, 465.

Amazons, their commonwealth, 433; how they educated their children,
434; their wars, ibid.; they marry their male allies, ibid.

Americans used painting instead of writing, 416.

Ancients in the east, their way of living, 415.

Appearances: things not to be trusted for them, 464.

Applause, public, its pleasure, 442.

April, month of, described, 425.

Arabella, verses on her singing, 443.

Architecture, the ancients' perfection in it, 415; the greatness of the man-
ner how it strikes the fancy, ibid.; of the maner of both ancients and
moderns, ibid.; the concave and convex figures have the greatest air,
ibid.; every thing that pleases the imagination in it, is either great,
beautiful, or new, ibid.

Art, works of, defective to entertain the imagination, 414; receive great
advantage from their likeness to those of nature, ibid.

Audience: the gross of an audience, of whom composed, 502; the vicious
taste of our English audiences, ibid.

August and July, months of, described, 425.

Babel, Tower of, 415.

Bacon, sir Francis, prescribes his reader a poem or prospect as conductive
to health, 411; what he says of the pleasures of taste, 447.

Bamboo, Benjamin, the philosophical use he resolves to make of a shrew
of a wife, 482.

Bankruptcy, the misery of it, 428, 456.

Bar-oratory in England, reflections on it, 407.
Basilius Valentinus, and his son, their story, 426.

Baxter, Mr. his last words, 455; more last words, ibid.

Bayle, Mr. what he says of libels, 451.

Bear-garden, a combat there, 436; the cheats of it, 449.

Beauty heightened by motion, 406; the force of it, 510; beauty of objects,
what understood by it, 412; nothing makes its way more directly to the
soul, ibid.; every species of sensible creatures has different notions of
it, ibid.; a second kind of it, ibid.

Beggars, the grievance of them, 430.

Belvidera, a critique on a song upon her, 470.

Belus, Jupiter, temple of, 415.

Birds, how affected by colours, 412.

Biting, a kind of mongrel wit described and exploded by the Spectator,


Biton and Clitobus, their story related, and applied by the Spectator, 488.
Blast, lady, her character, 457.

Bluemantle, lady, an account of her, 427.

Buck, Timothy, his answer to James Miller's challenge, 436.

Buffoonery censured, 442.

Business, men of, their error in similitudes, 421; of learning fittest for it,


Bussy d'Amboise, a story of him, 467,

Calamities not to be distinguished from blessings, 483.

Calisthenes, his character, 422.

Calumny, the ill effects of it, 451.

Camilla's letter to the Spectator from Venice, 443; how applauded there,

Campbell, Mr. the dumb fortune-teller, an extraordinary person, 474.

Cartesian, how he would account for the ideas formed by the fancy, from
a single circumstance of the memory, 417.

Cato, the respect paid him at the Roman theatre, 446.
Charity, the great want of it among Christians, 516.

Charity schools to be encouraged, 430.

Charles II., his gaieties, 462.

Chastity of renown, what, 480.

Children, their duty to their parents, 426; ill education of them fatal, 431;

a multitude of them one of the blessings of the marriage state, 500.

Chinese laugh at our gardens, and why, 414.

Chremylus, his character out of Aristophanes, 464.

Cicero, the great Roman orator, what he says of scandal, 427; of the Ro-
man gladiators, 436; his extraordinary superstition, 505.

Clarendon, earl of, his character of a person of a troublesome curiosity,
439; a reflection of that historian's, 485.

Clubs, the institution and use of them, 474.

Chloe, the idiot, 466.

Coffee-house debates seldom regular or methodical, 476.

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